AKA Henry Laurence Gantt
Birthplace: Calvert County, MD
Location of death: Pine Island, NY
Cause of death: unspecified
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Engineer, Business
Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Management as a science
Henry Gantt worked as a teacher, draftsman, and mechanical engineer before making his mark as an early 20th century management consultant. He authored two books on the topic, and in the 1910s he developed the scheduling and monitoring diagram, now called Gantt charts and used ubiquitously across industry and manufacturing, which provide easy, visual data on project planning and progress. He initiated the "task and bonus" wage method, wherein workers are paid a regular wage for time worked, and also paid an additional bonus if their labor exceeds productivity targets. He is the namesake of the annual Gantt Medal, awarded since 1929 by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers for "distinguished achievement in management and for service to the community".
Gantt wrote, "I have never had any opposition whatever from the workman that was not immediately overcome as soon as he understood what we are doing". He maintained that it is counterproductive to treat labor poorly, and proposed that workers and management share the common goal of producing a high-quality product. As a matter of principle he refused any assignment where the company that sought his advice had not read and agree with the principles explained in his book, Work, Wages, and Profits.
High School: McDonogh School, Owings Mills, MD (1878)
University: BA, Johns Hopkins University (1880)
University: Stevens Institute of Technology (attended)
Bethlehem Steel Consultant
Remington Arms Consultant
Standard Oil Consultant
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Author of books:
Work, Wages, and Profits: Their Influence on the Cost of Living (1910, economics)
Industrial Leadership (1916, nonfiction)
Organizing for Work (1919, nonfiction)
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