AKA Karen Clementina Theodora Danielsen
Birthplace: Blankenese, Germany
Location of death: New York City
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Ferncliff Cemetery and Mausoleum, Hartsdale, NY
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Disputed Freud's concept of "penis envy"
German-American psychoanalyst Karen Horney (pronounced HORN-eye) rejected Sigmund Freud's contention that "penis envy" is an underlying cause of psychological problems in women, and argued that environmental and social experiences contribute to a person's developing personality and personality disorders to a much greater extent than the biological and instinctual events that Freud held were pivotal.
Horney's work is now considered influential and non-controversial, but during the latter years of her career she was effective shunned from mainstream psychoanalysis for challenging Freud, which led to her founding of the American Institute for Psychoanalysis in 1941. She maintained that all humans have a yearning for self-realization, that neurosis blocks and prevents healthy development, and that the root cause of most neurosis is a lack of guidance, love, and respect.
Her daughter, Brigitte Horney, became a German film and television actress of moderate renown.
Father: Berndt Wackels Danielsen (ship's captain)
Mother: Clothilde Marie Danielson
Brother: Berndt (d. 1923)
Husband: Oskar Horney (attorney, m. 1909, sep. 1926, div. 1937, three daughters)
Daughter: Brigitte Horney (actress, b. 1911, d. 1988)
Daughter: Marianne Horney
Daughter: Renate Horney
Boyfriend: Hans Liberman
Boyfriend: Erich Fromm (together 1931-early 1940s)
University: University of Freiburg
University: University of Göttingen
University: PhD, University of Berlin (1915)
Professor: Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute (1918-20)
Professor: Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute (1920-32)
Professor: Chicago Psychoanalytic Institute (1932-34)
Professor: New School for Social Research (1934-)
Professor: New York Psychoanalytic Society & Institute (1934-41)
Administrator: Founder & Dean, American Institute for Psychoanalysis (1941-52)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis Founder & Editor (1941-52)
Naturalized US Citizen 1932
Author of books:
The Neurotic Personality of Our Time (1937, non-fiction)
New Ways in Psychoanalysis (1939, non-fiction)
Self-Analysis (1942, non-fiction)
Our Inner Conflicts (1945, non-fiction)
Neurosis and Human Growth (1950, non-fiction)
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