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Hugo Theorell

Hugo TheorellAKA Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell

Born: 6-Jul-1903
Birthplace: Linköping, Sweden
Died: 15-Aug-1982
Location of death: Stockholm, Sweden
Cause of death: Natural Causes

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: Sweden
Executive summary: Oxidation enzymes

Swedish biochemist Hugo Theorell was awarded the 1955 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for "his discoveries concerning the nature and mode of action of oxidation enzymes." He devoted his entire career to enzyme research, building a long résumé of scientific accomplishments: He was the first to obtain crystalline myoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen and is found in red muscle. Working with Nobel laureate Otto Warburg, Theorell discovered a bright yellow enzyme in yeast, and later determined that it was composed of two parts: a non-protein coenzyme (the yellow riboflavine phosphate) and a protein apoenzyme. He was the first to isolate peroxidase (found in horseradish) and lactoperoxidase (found in milk), and the first to comprehensively describe how ADH enzymes break down alcohol in the kidney. He also developed an early blood-alcohol test used for many years, predominantly in Sweden and West Germany, to measure the sobriety of suspected drunk drivers.

His wife Margit was a professional pianist, and Theorell himself was an accomplished violinist. They both served for many years on the board of the Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra.

Father: Thure Theorell (physician)
Mother: Armida Bill Theorell (pianist, d. 1967)
Wife: Elin Margit Elisabeth Alenius Theorell (pianist, m. 1931)
Daughter: Eva Kristina Theorell (d. 1935)
Son: Klas Thure Gabriel Theorell (physicist, b. 1935)
Son: Henning Hugo Theorell (physician, b. 1939)
Son: Per Gunnar Töres Theorell (b. 1942)

    High School: Katedralskolan, Linköping, Sweden (1921)
    University: BS Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Solna, Sweden (1924)
    Scholar: Pasteur Institute, Paris, France (1924)
    Teacher: Medical Chemistry, Karolinska Institute (1924-30)
    Medical School: MD, Karolinska Institute (1930)
    Teacher: Physiological Chemistry, Karolinska Institute (1930-31)
    Scholar: Microbiology, University of Uppsala (1931-32)
    Teacher: Medical and Physiological Chemistry, University of Uppsala (1931-32)
    Scholar: Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, Berlin (1933-35)
    Professor: Biochemistry, Karolinska Institute (1935-82)
    Administrator: Karolinska Institute (1937-70)

    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1955
    Rockefeller Foundation Fellowship (1933-35)
    Royal Society 1959
    National Academy of Sciences 1957
    Swedish Ancestry

Author of books:
Växlande Vindar (1977)


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