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Vienna, Austria

LOCATION

Official Website:
http://www.wien.gv.at/

Population:
1,550,123 (2001)

SCHOOLS

SchoolFounded
Vienna University of Economics
1898
University of Vienna
 

ZOO

ZooFounded
Tiergarten Schönbrunn
1752

ORCHESTRA

OrchestraFounded
Vienna Radio Symphony Orchestra
1969
Tonkünstler Orchestra
1933
Vienna Symphony
1900
Vienna State Opera
1869
Vienna Philharmonic
1842

OPERA

OperaFounded
Vienna Volksoper
1898

BIRTHS

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Walter Abish
Author
24-Dec-1931   Alphabetical Africa
Robert Adler
Physicist
4-Dec-1913 15-Feb-2007 Invented wireless remote control
Christopher Alexander
Architect
4-Oct-1936   A Pattern Language, The Nature of Order
Leon Askin
Actor
18-Sep-1907 3-Jun-2005 General Burkhalter on Hogan's Heroes
Hans Asperger
Doctor
18-Feb-1906 21-Oct-1980 Asperger's Syndrome
John Banner
Actor
28-Jan-1910 28-Jan-1973 Sgt. Schultz on Hogan's Heroes
Otto Bauer
Politician
5-Sep-1881 4-Jul-1938 Austrian Marxist
Alban Berg
Composer
9-Feb-1885 24-Dec-1935 Violin Concerto
Senta Berger
Actor
13-May-1941   Cast a Giant Shadow
Gustav Bergmann
Philosopher
4-May-1906 21-Apr-1987 Ontologist
Edward Bernays
Business
22-Nov-1891 9-Mar-1995 Propaganda
Bibi Besch
Actor
1-Feb-1942 7-Sep-1996 Who's That Girl?
Bruno Bettelheim
Psychologist
28-Aug-1903 13-Mar-1990 Fraudulent child psychologist
Turhan Bey
Actor
30-Mar-1922 30-Sep-2012 Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves
Theodore Bikel
Actor
2-May-1924   The Defiant Ones
Artur Bodanzky
Conductor
16-Dec-1877 23-Nov-1939 Opera Conductor at the NY Met, 1915-39
Ludwig Boltzmann
Physicist
20-Feb-1844 5-Sep-1906 Atoms and molecules
Vanessa Brown
Actor
24-Mar-1928 21-May-1999 The Late George Apley
Martin Buber
Philosopher
8-Feb-1878 13-Jun-1965 Ich und Du
Fritjof Capra
Physicist
1-Feb-1939   The Tao of Physics
Ricardo Cortez
Actor
19-Sep-1899 28-Apr-1977 The Torrent
Carl Czerny
Pianist
20-Feb-1791 15-Jul-1857 Pianist, composer of piano exercises
Helmut Dantine
Actor
7-Oct-1917 2-May-1982 Edge of Darkness
Martin Deutsch
Physicist
29-Jun-1917 16-Aug-2002 Discovered positronium
Peter Drucker
Business
19-Nov-1909 11-Nov-2005 Management guru
Carl Esmond
Actor
14-Jun-1902 4-Dec-2004 Ministry of Fear
Falco
Musician
19-Feb-1957 6-Feb-1998 Rock Me, Amadeus!
Bernard Fall
Journalist
19-Nov-1926 21-Feb-1967 Scholar of the Vietnam conflict
Paul K. Feyerabend
Philosopher
13-Jan-1924 11-Feb-1994 Against Method
Felix Frankfurter
Judge
15-Nov-1882 22-Feb-1965 US Supreme Court Justice, 1939-62
Anna Freud
Relative
3-Dec-1895 9-Oct-1982 Daughter of Sigmund Freud
Alfred Fried
Activist
11-Nov-1864 5-May-1921 Peace activist, Nobel Prize recipient
Karl von Frisch
Zoologist
20-Nov-1886 12-Jun-1982 Researched bee communications
Otto Robert Frisch
Physicist
1-Oct-1904 22-Sep-1979 Described fission
Miep Gies
Activist
15-Feb-1909 11-Jan-2010 Sheltered the family of Anne Frank
Amon Goeth
Criminal
12-Nov-1908 13-Sep-1946 Ran concentration camp at Plaszow
Thomas Gold
Scientist
22-May-1920 22-Jun-2004 Certain that oil is not a fossil fuel
E. H. Gombrich
Historian
30-Mar-1909 3-Nov-2001 Art and Illusion
Franz Grillparzer
Playwright
15-Jan-1791 21-Jan-1872 Der Traum, ein Leben
Victor Gruen
Architect
18-Jul-1903 14-Feb-1980 Popularized the shopping mall
Henry A. Grunwald
Journalist
3-Dec-1922 26-Feb-2005 Managing Editor of Time, 1968-79
Franz Ritter von Hauer
Geologist
30-Jan-1822 20-Mar-1899 Geological Map of Austro-Hungary
F. A. Hayek
Economist
8-May-1899 23-Mar-1992 Austrian economist
Stanley Hoffmann
Historian
27-Nov-1928   Gulliver's Troubles
Joseph I
Royalty
26-Jul-1678 17-Apr-1711 Holy Roman Emperor, 1705-11
Ivan Illich
Philosopher
4-Sep-1926 2-Dec-2002 Deschooling Society
Peter Illing
Actor
4-Mar-1899 29-Oct-1966 Against the Wind
Joseph II
Royalty
13-Mar-1741 20-Feb-1790 Holy Roman Emperor, 1765-90
Paul Kammerer
Biologist
17-Aug-1880 23-Oct-1926 Proponent of Lamarckian inheritance
Eric R. Kandel
Scientist
7-Nov-1929   Signal transduction in the nervous system
Robert A. Kann
Historian
11-Feb-1906 30-Aug-1981 The Multinational Empire
Oskar Karlweis
Actor
10-Jun-1894 24-Jan-1956 5 Fingers
Martin Karplus
Chemist
15-Mar-1930   Karplus Equation
Kurt Kasznar
Actor
13-Aug-1913 6-Aug-1979 Fitzhugh on Land of the Giants
Melanie Klein
Psychologist
30-Mar-1882 22-Sep-1960 The Psychoanalysis of Children
Eugene Kleiner
Business
12-May-1923 20-Nov-2003 Venture capitalist
Thomas Klestil
Head of State
4-Nov-1932 6-Jul-2004 President of Austria, 1992-2004
Gustav Klimt
Painter
14-Jul-1862 6-Feb-1918 Founder of the Vienna Sezession
Boris Kodjoe
Actor
8-Mar-1973   Soul Food
Walter Kohn
Chemist
9-Mar-1923   Density-functional theory
Hans Koller
Musician
12-Feb-1921 21-Dec-2003 Austrian saxophone prodigy
Bruno Kreisky
Head of State
22-Jan-1911 29-Jul-1990 Chancellor of Austria, 1970-83
Fritz Kreisler
Violinist
2-Feb-1875 29-Jan-1962 Austrian violin virtuoso
Josef Krips
Conductor
8-Apr-1902 13-Oct-1974 Director, Buffalo Philharmonic, 1954-63
Hedy Lamarr
Actor
9-Nov-1913 19-Jan-2000 Actress, invented frequency hopping
George W. Landau
Diplomat
4-Mar-1920   US Ambassador to Venezuela, 1982
Karl Landsteiner
Scientist
14-Jun-1868 26-Jun-1943 Discovered blood typing
Jackie Lane
Actor
16-May-1937   Tickle Me
Fritz Lang
Film Director
5-Dec-1890 2-Aug-1976 Metropolis
Helmut Lang
Fashion Designer
10-Mar-1956   High end minimalist designer
Erich Leinsdorf
Conductor
4-Feb-1912 11-Sep-1993 Music Director, Boston Symphony, 1962-69
Gerda Lerner
Historian
30-Apr-1920 2-Jan-2013 The Woman in American History
Frederick Loewe
Composer
10-Jun-1901 14-Feb-1988 My Fair Lady
Konrad Lorenz
Zoologist
7-Nov-1903 27-Feb-1989 Founder of modern ethology
Tilly Losch
Dancer
15-Nov-1903 24-Dec-1975 Ballet dancer, sometimes actress
Marie Louise
Royalty
12-Dec-1791 17-Dec-1847 Empress of France
Robert H. Lowie
Anthropologist
12-Jun-1883 21-Sep-1957 American ethnologist
Alex J. Mandl
Business
14-Dec-1943   President and COO of AT&T, 1994-96
Michael Mantler
Musician
10-Aug-1943   Trumpeter and bandleader
Maria Theresa
Royalty
13-May-1717 28-Nov-1780 Archduchess of Austria
Marie Antoinette
Royalty
2-Nov-1755 16-Oct-1793 Cake proponent
Matthias
Royalty
24-Feb-1557 20-Mar-1619 Holy Roman Emperor, 1612-19
Maximilian
Royalty
6-Jul-1832 19-Jun-1867 Emperor of Mexico, 1864-67
Maximilian II
Royalty
31-Jul-1527 12-Oct-1576 Holy Roman Emperor, 1564-76
Lise Meitner
Physicist
7-Nov-1878 27-Oct-1968 Discovered nuclear fission
Robert G. Neumann
Diplomat
2-Jan-1916 18-Jun-1999 US Ambassador to Afghanistan, 1969-73
Otto Neurath
Sociologist
10-Dec-1882 22-Dec-1945 Vienna Circle positivist
Peter C. Newman
Journalist
10-May-1929   The Canadian Establishment
Hermann Nitsch
Performance Artist
29-Aug-1938   6-Tage-Spiel des Orgies Mystries Theater
Wolfgang Pauli
Physicist
25-Apr-1900 15-Dec-1958 Pauli Exclusion Principle
Max F. Perutz
Chemist
19-May-1914 6-Feb-2002 X-Ray analysis of hemoglobin
Eric Pohlmann
Actor
18-Jul-1913 25-Jul-1979 They Who Dare
Karl Polanyi
Scholar
25-Oct-1886 23-Apr-1964 The Great Transformation
Karl Popper
Philosopher
28-Jul-1902 17-Sep-1994 Critical Rationalist
Otto Preminger
Film Director
5-Dec-1906 23-Apr-1986 Anatomy of a Murder
Felix Rohatyn
Business
29-May-1928   Financier, Lazard Frères
Edwin E. Salpeter
Astronomer
3-Dec-1924 26-Nov-2008 Quantitative electron microscopic autoradiography
Maria Schell
Actor
15-Jan-1926 26-Apr-2005 The Heart of the Matter
Maximilian Schell
Actor
8-Dec-1930   Judgment at Nuremberg
Joseph Schildkraut
Actor
22-Mar-1896 21-Jan-1964 The Life of Emile Zola
Romy Schneider
Actor
23-Sep-1938 29-May-1982 La Passante du Sans-Souci
Arthur Schnitzler
Playwright
15-May-1862 21-Oct-1931 Reigen
Arnold Schoenberg
Composer
13-Sep-1874 13-Jul-1951 Emancipated dissonance
Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist
12-Aug-1887 4-Jan-1961 Schrödinger's wave equation
Wolfgang Schüssel
Head of State
7-Jun-1945   Chancellor of Austria
Otto Skorzeny
Military
12-Jun-1908 5-Jul-1975 Most dangerous man in Europe
Walter Slezak
Actor
3-May-1902 21-Apr-1983 Hitchcock's Lifeboat
Josef von Sternberg
Film Director
29-May-1894 22-Dec-1969 The Last Command
Johann Strauss
Composer
25-Oct-1825 3-Jun-1899 The Blue Danube
Johann Strauss, Sr.
Composer
14-Mar-1804 24-Sep-1849 Täuberl-Walzer
Robert Strausz-Hupé
Diplomat
25-Mar-1903 24-Feb-2002 US Ambassador to Turkey, 1981-89
Erich von Stroheim
Actor
22-Sep-1885 12-May-1957 Swanson's servant in Sunset Blvd.
István Széchenyi
Politician
21-Sep-1791 8-Apr-1860 Hungarian statesman, patriot
Maria von Trapp
Singer
26-Jan-1905 28-Mar-1987 The Sound of Music
Franz Vranitzky
Head of State
4-Oct-1937   Chancellor of Austria, 1986-97
Anton Webern
Composer
3-Dec-1883 15-Sep-1945 Atonal composer
Victor Weisskopf
Physicist
19-Sep-1908 21-Apr-2002 Head of CERN, 1961-65
Oskar Werner
Actor
13-Nov-1922 23-Oct-1984 Jules et Jim
Ludwig Wittgenstein
Philosopher
26-Apr-1889 29-Apr-1951 Destroyed metaphysics
Fred Zinnemann
Film Director
29-Apr-1907 14-Mar-1997 From Here to Eternity
Richard Zsigmondy
Chemist
1-Apr-1865 23-Sep-1929 Ultramicroscope

DEATHS

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Leon Askin
Actor
18-Sep-1907 3-Jun-2005 General Burkhalter on Hogan's Heroes
Hans Asperger
Doctor
18-Feb-1906 21-Oct-1980 Asperger's Syndrome
W. H. Auden
Poet
21-Feb-1907 29-Sep-1973 The Age of Anxiety
Sergei Averintsev
Author
10-Dec-1937 21-Feb-2004 Myth of the Peoples of the World
John Banner
Actor
28-Jan-1910 28-Jan-1973 Sgt. Schultz on Hogan's Heroes
Ludwig van Beethoven
Composer
17-Dec-1770 26-Mar-1827 Prominent composer
Alban Berg
Composer
9-Feb-1885 24-Dec-1935 Violin Concerto
Turhan Bey
Actor
30-Mar-1922 30-Sep-2012 Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves
Hayyim Nahman Bialik
Poet
9-Jan-1873 4-Jul-1934 Foremost Hebrew poet
Anton Bruckner
Composer
4-Sep-1824 11-Oct-1896 Mass in D Minor
Cristóbal de Castillejo
Poet
1490 12-Jun-1556 Spanish poet, disliked Italian forms
Carl Czerny
Pianist
20-Feb-1791 15-Jul-1857 Pianist, composer of piano exercises
Engelbert Dollfuss
Head of State
4-Oct-1892 25-Jul-1934 Austrian Chancellor murdered by Nazis
Christoph Willibald Gluck
Composer
2-Jul-1714 15-Nov-1787 Orfeo ed Eurydice
Franz Grillparzer
Playwright
15-Jan-1791 21-Jan-1872 Der Traum, ein Leben
Victor Gruen
Architect
18-Jul-1903 14-Feb-1980 Popularized the shopping mall
Hugo Haas
Actor
18-Feb-1901 1-Dec-1968 King Solomon's Mines
Joseph Haydn
Composer
31-Mar-1732 31-May-1809 Symphony No. 102 in B-flat Major
Friedrich Hebbel
Playwright
18-Mar-1813 13-Dec-1863 Die Niebelungen Trilogie
Josef Hoffmann
Architect
15-Dec-1870 7-May-1956 Vienna Secession architect
Paul Hörbiger
Actor
29-Apr-1894 5-Mar-1981 Liebelei
Joseph I
Royalty
26-Jul-1678 17-Apr-1711 Holy Roman Emperor, 1705-11
Joseph II
Royalty
13-Mar-1741 20-Feb-1790 Holy Roman Emperor, 1765-90
Curd Jürgens
Actor
13-Dec-1915 18-Jun-1982 The Spy Who Loved Me
Robert A. Kann
Historian
11-Feb-1906 30-Aug-1981 The Multinational Empire
Thomas Klestil
Head of State
4-Nov-1932 6-Jul-2004 President of Austria, 1992-2004
Gustav Klimt
Painter
14-Jul-1862 6-Feb-1918 Founder of the Vienna Sezession
Hans Koller
Musician
12-Feb-1921 21-Dec-2003 Austrian saxophone prodigy
Werner Krauss
Actor
23-Jun-1884 20-Oct-1959 The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari
Bruno Kreisky
Head of State
22-Jan-1911 29-Jul-1990 Chancellor of Austria, 1970-83
György Ligeti
Composer
28-May-1923 12-Jun-2006 Lontano, Lux Aeterna
Theo Lingen
Actor
10-Jun-1903 10-Nov-1978 German-Austrian comedian
Adolf Loos
Architect
10-Dec-1870 8-Aug-1933 Ornament and Crime
Gustav Mahler
Composer
7-Jul-1860 18-May-1911 Das Lied von der Erde
Maria Theresa
Royalty
13-May-1717 28-Nov-1780 Archduchess of Austria
Matthias
Royalty
24-Feb-1557 20-Mar-1619 Holy Roman Emperor, 1612-19
Matthias Corvinus
Royalty
24-Feb-1443 6-Apr-1490 King of Hungary, 1458-90
Richard Mayr
Singer
18-Nov-1877 1-Dec-1935 Operatic bass
Carl Menger
Economist
28-Feb-1840 26-Feb-1921 Founder, Austrian School of Economics
Metastasio
Poet
3-Jan-1698 12-Apr-1782 Italian librettist of the 18th century
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Composer
27-Jan-1756 5-Dec-1791 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik
Julius Raab
Head of State
29-Nov-1891 8-Jan-1964 Chancellor of Austria, 1953-61
Antonio Salieri
Composer
18-Aug-1750 7-May-1825 Tarare
Heinrich Schenker
Musicologist
19-Jun-1868 13-Jan-1935 Music theorist
Egon Schiele
Painter
12-Jun-1890 31-Oct-1918 Painted many nudes
Moritz Schlick
Philosopher
14-Apr-1882 22-Jun-1936 Positivist philosopher, Vienna Circle
Arthur Schnitzler
Playwright
15-May-1862 21-Oct-1931 Reigen
Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist
12-Aug-1887 4-Jan-1961 Schrödinger's wave equation
Franz Schubert
Composer
31-Jan-1797 19-Nov-1828 Symphony in C Major
Ignaz Semmelweis
Doctor
1-Jul-1818 13-Aug-1865 Pioneer of antiseptics
Johann Strauss
Composer
25-Oct-1825 3-Jun-1899 The Blue Danube
Johann Strauss, Sr.
Composer
14-Mar-1804 24-Sep-1849 Täuberl-Walzer
Eduard Suess
Geologist
20-Aug-1831 26-Apr-1914 Das Antlitz der Erde
Charles Vidor
Film Director
27-Jul-1900 4-Jun-1959 A Farewell to Arms
Antonio Vivaldi
Composer
4-Mar-1678 28-Jul-1741 The Four Seasons
Klemens Wenzel von Metternich
Diplomat
15-May-1773 11-Jun-1859 Influential Austrian ambassador
Bertha von Suttner
Activist
9-Jun-1843 21-Jun-1914 Pacifist, Nobel Prize recipient
Julius Wagner-Jauregg
Psychiatrist
7-Mar-1857 27-Sep-1940 Cured syphilis with malaria, pioneered shock therapy
Kurt Waldheim
Government
21-Dec-1918 14-Jun-2007 UN Secretary General, 1972-82
Simon Wiesenthal
Activist
31-Dec-1908 20-Sep-2005 Nazi hunter
Hugo Wolf
Composer
13-Mar-1860 22-Feb-1903 19th century German songwriter



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