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Fidel Castro

Fidel CastroAKA Fidel Alejandro Castro Rúz

Born: 13-Aug-1926
Birthplace: Mayari, Cuba

Gender: Male
Religion: Atheist
Race or Ethnicity: Hispanic
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Head of State

Nationality: Cuba
Executive summary: Dictator of Cuba for almost fifty years

On 26 July 1953, Fidel Castro led about 150 men in an attack on Moncada barracks, the strongest garrison of Fulgencio Batista. Batista was Cuba's dictator then, with friendly relations with the US government. Dozens of Castro's men were killed in battle, and Fidel was charged with treason. At his trial, he delivered an impassioned two-hour closing argument that was widely but clandestinely circulated under the title History will absolve me! It was a kangaroo trial, and Castro was sentenced to 15 years in prison, but a public groundswell called out for amnesty, and Castro was released in 1955. After a brief period of exile in Mexico, Castro's triumphant return came in 1959, when his next attempt at revolution succeeded. The brutal Batista government was overthrown, and replaced by the brutal Castro government.

History will absolve me was rewritten as a blueprint for Castro's communist regime, and American-owned businesses in Cuba were nationalized. Castro kept many of his promises -- Cubans have free health care, education, and a low level of homelessness, but the society has suffered both from the US embargo and the totalitarian regime. Castro's (and thus Cuba's) relations with the US have always been frigid, but became icy after the US-backed "Bay of Pigs" attempted coup in 1962. To this day, Cubans who travel to America without permission risk forced repatriation, and Americans who travel to Cuba without official US approval risk hefty fines.

Castro called himself Prime Minister from 1959-76, and then called himself President, though the change was superficial and he was always utterly autocratic. After intestinal surgery in July 2006, he was rarely seen in public. He temporarily ceded power to his brother, Raśl Castro, on 31 July 2006, and formally stepped down as President on 19 February 2008. Two US Congressmen, Lincoln and Mario Diaz-Balart, are Castro's nephews by his marriage to their aunt, Mirta Diaz-Balart de Nunez.

Father: Angel Castro y Argiz (sugar plantation owner)
Mother: Lina Ruz Gonzáles (his father's maid)
Sister: Juanita Castro (CIA operative, b. circa 1933)
Brother: Raúl Castro (co-revolutionary and Fidel's successor)
Wife: Mirta Diaz-Balart de Nunez (m. 12-Oct-1948, div. 1954, one son)
Son: Fidel Castro Diaz-Balart, Jr. (head of Cuba's atomic energy bureau, b. 1-Sep-1949)
Girlfriend: Natalia Revuelta ("Naty", military cap-maker, b. 1925)
Daughter: Alina Fernandez (b. 1956)

    High School: Colegio Belén, Havana, Cuba
    Law School: University of Havana (1950)

    President of Cuba (1959-2008)
    Prime Minister of Cuba (1959-76)
    Non-Aligned Movement Secretary General (2005-08)
    Non-Aligned Movement Secretary General (1979-83)
    Lenin Peace Prize 1961
    Order of Lenin 1963
    Hunger Strike
    Excommunicated by Pope John XXIII (3-Jan-1962)
    Converted to Atheism
    Assassination Attempt multiple
    Pardoned
    Traveled to the USSR 13-Jan-1964
    Traveled to the USSR Apr-1977
    Traveled to the USSR for the funeral of Leonid Brezhnev (Nov-1982)
    Traveled to the USSR for the funeral of Yuri Andropov (13-Feb-1984)
    Fainted Havana, Cuba (Jun-2001)
    Stroke (2012)
    Treason
    Risk Factors: Smoking

    FILMOGRAPHY AS ACTOR
    Looking for Fidel (14-Apr-2004) · Himself
    Surplus: Terrorized Into Being Consumers (21-Nov-2003) · Himself
    Comandante (18-Jan-2003) · Himself
    Fidel (2-Aug-2001) · Himself
    Waiting for Fidel (1974) · Himself

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Fidel Castro


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