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George de Hevesy

George de HevesyAKA Georg Karl von Hevesy

Born: 1-Aug-1885
Birthplace: Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Died: 5-Jul-1966
Location of death: Freiburg, Germany
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Cremated, Kerepesi Cemetery, Budapest, Hungary

Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: Hungary
Executive summary: Radioisotope researcher

Military service: Austro-Hungarian Army (drafted 1915, WWI)

Hungarian-Swedish chemist George de Hevesy (sometimes presented as Georg von Hevesy) studied under Ernest Rutherford and Niels Bohr, and in 1943 he won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. He predicted the existence of a chemical element with 72 protons, and working with Dutch physicist Dirk Coster (1889-1950) he discovered this element, hafnium (Hf), in 1923. In the same year he made the first use of isotopes as tracers in studying chemical processes, leading to development of the radioactive tracer technique still widely used in biological and medical research. In 1926 he began using x-ray fluorescence for mineral analyses.

Father: Louis de Hevesy (Court Counsellor)
Mother: Eugénie, Baroness Schosberger
Wife: Pia Riis (m. 1924, one son, three daughters)

    High School: Piarista Gimnázium, Budapest, Hungary (1903)
    University: University of Budapest (attended, 1903-04)
    University: Berlin Institute of Technology (attended, 1904)
    University: PhD Chemistry, University of Freiburg (1908)
    Scholar: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich (1908-10)
    Teacher: Chemistry, University of Karlsruhe (1910-11)
    Teacher: Chemistry, University of Manchester (1911-13)
    Teacher: Chemistry, University of Vienna (1913-20)
    Professor: Chemistry, University of Copenhagen (1920-26)
    Professor: Physical Chemistry, University of Freiburg (1926-43)
    Professor: Organic Chemistry, University of Stockholm (1943-66)
    Professor: University of Ghent (1949-66)

    Cannizzaro Prize of the Accademia dei Lincei 1929
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1943
    Copley Medal 1949
    IET Faraday Medal 1950
    Silvanus Thompson Medal 1955
    Niels Bohr Medal 1961
    British Chemical Society Foreign Member
    British Institute of Radiology Foreign Member
    Pontifical Academy of Sciences
    Royal Institution of Great Britain
    Royal Society Foreign Member
    Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Jewish Ancestry
    Hungarian Ancestry
    Lunar Crater Hevesy (Lat. 83.14, Long. 150.1, 49.5 km. diameter)

Author of books:
Adventures in Radioisotope Research (1962, chemistry, 2 vols.)
Industrial Isotope Techniques (1964, non-fiction; with Lars G. Erwall)


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