August Möbius AKA August Ferdinand Möbius Born: 17Nov1790 Birthplace: Schulpforta, Germany Died: 26Sep1868 Location of death: Leipzig, Germany Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, Leipzig Cemetery, Leipzig, Germany
Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Astronomer, Mathematician Nationality: Germany Executive summary: Möbius strip German astronomer and mathematician August Möbius studied under Carl Friedrich Gauss, and wrote about theoretical astronomy, projective geometry, and topology. He introduced the Möbius function of combinatorics, the Möbius inversion formula and Möbius transform in number theory, and the Möbius transformation used in projective geometry. He was most known in his time as an astronomer, but he is remembered for describing the properties of a twodimensional surface with only one side, now called the Mobius band or strip, and usually represented as a flat strip of paper with a half twist brought together as a continuous, singleedged loop. Another mathematician, Johann Benedict Listing (18081882), independently discovered the same concept a few months earlier, but Möbius' work was published first. He was a direct descendant of Martin Luther, on his mother's side. Father: Johann Heinrich Möbius (dance instructor, b. 1752, d. 1792) Mother: Johanne Keil Möbius (b. 1758, d. 1820) Wife: Dorothea Christiane Johanna Rothe Möbius (completely blind, b. 1790, m. 1820, d. 1859, one daughter, two sons) Daughter: Emilie d'Arrest Möbius (b. 1822, d. 1897) Son: August Theodor Möbius (literature professor, b. 1821, d. 1890) Son: Paul Heinrich Möbius (b. 1825, d. 1899)
High School: Schulpforta College, Schulpforta, Germany (1809) University: University of Leipzig University: University of Göttingen University: University of Halle Teacher: Astronomy, University of Leipzig (181644) Professor: Astronomy, University of Leipzig (184468) Scholar: Astronomer, Leipzig Observatory (181648) Administrator: Director, Leipzig Observatory (184868)
French Academy of Sciences Asteroid Namesake 28516 Möbius German Ancestry
Author of books:
Concerning the Calculation of the Occultations of the Planets (1815) The Calculus of Centers of Gravity (1827) The Principles of Astronomy (1836) Handbook on Statics (1837) The Elements of Celestial Mechanics (1843)
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