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French Academy of Sciences

ORGANIZATION

Official Website:
http://www.academie-sciences.fr/

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Maurice Allais
Economist
31-May-1911 9-Oct-2010 Monopoly pricing and the Allais effect
Jean-Sylvain Bailly
Astronomer
15-Sep-1736 12-Nov-1793 Histoire de l'Astronomie
Henri Becquerel
Physicist
15-Dec-1852 25-Aug-1908 Discoverer of radioactivity
Paul Berg
Chemist
30-Jun-1926   Pioneer in recombinant DNA
Daniel Bernoulli
Mathematician
8-Feb-1700 27-Mar-1782 Fluid dynamics
Marcellin Berthelot
Chemist
27-Oct-1827 18-Mar-1907 Chimie organique fondée sur la synthèse
Claude-Louis Berthollet
Chemist
9-Dec-1748 6-Nov-1822 Essai de statique chimique
Jean-Baptiste Biot
Physicist
21-Apr-1774 3-Feb-1862 Biot-Savart Law
Brebis Bleaney
Physicist
6-Jun-1915 4-Nov-2006 Electron paramagnetic resonance
Nicolaas Bloembergen
Physicist
11-Mar-1920   Nonlinear optics
Louis de Broglie
Physicist
15-Aug-1892 19-Mar-1987 Discovered the wave nature of electrons
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
Naturalist
7-Sep-1707 16-Apr-1788 Histoire Naturelle
Élie Cartan
Mathematician
9-Apr-1869 6-May-1951 Spinor groups
Henri Cartan
Mathematician
8-Jul-1904 13-Aug-2008 Leader of the math Bourbakistes
Augustin-Louis Cauchy
Mathematician
21-Aug-1789 23-May-1857 Infinitesimals, theory of substitution groups
Jean-Martin Charcot
Doctor
29-Nov-1825 16-Aug-1893 Father of neurology
Georges Charpak
Physicist
1-Aug-1924 29-Sep-2010 Subatomic particle detectors
Yves Chauvin
Chemist
10-Oct-1930   Metathesis
Michel-Eugène Chevreul
Chemist
31-Aug-1786 9-Apr-1889 Chemistry of fats, dyes
Albert Claude
Scientist
23-Aug-1899 22-May-1983 Microstructure of the cell
Gustave-Gaspard Coriolis
Mathematician
21-May-1792 19-Sep-1843 Coriolis force
John Dalton
Chemist
6-Sep-1766 27-Jul-1844 Early proponent of Atomic Theory
Jean Dausset
Scientist
19-Oct-1916 6-Jun-2009 Recognition of HLA antigens
Peter B. Dervan
Chemist
28-Jun-1945   DNA Researcher
Henri Alexandre Deslandres
Astronomer
24-Jul-1853 15-Jan-1948 Spectroheliograph
Jean-Baptiste-André Dumas
Chemist
14-Jul-1800 10-Apr-1884 Pioneer of organic chemistry
Leonhard Euler
Mathematician
15-Apr-1707 18-Sep-1783 The Elements of Euclid
Hans von Euler-Chelpin
Chemist
15-Feb-1873 7-Nov-1964 Enzymes of sugar fermentation
Albert Fert
Physicist
7-Mar-1938   Giant magnetoresistance
Léon Foucault
Physicist
19-Sep-1819 11-Feb-1868 Measured the speed of light
Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier
Mathematician
21-Mar-1768 16-May-1830 Fourier series
Alfred Fowler
Astronomer
22-Mar-1868 24-Jun-1940 Celestial spectroscopy
Benjamin Franklin
Diplomat
17-Jan-1706 17-Apr-1790 American founding father
Maurice Fréchet
Mathematician
2-Sep-1878 4-Jun-1973 Fréchet differential
Augustin-Jean Fresnel
Physicist
10-May-1788 14-Jul-1827 Optician, invented Fresnel lens
Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
Physicist
24-Oct-1932 18-May-2007 Molecular structure of polymers
Kurt Gödel
Mathematician
28-Apr-1906 14-Jan-1978 Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems
Victor Grignard
Chemist
6-May-1871 13-Dec-1935 Grignard Reaction
Roger Guillemin
Scientist
11-Jan-1924   Hypothalamic hormones (brain peptides)
George W. Hill
Astronomer
3-Mar-1838 16-Apr-1914 A New Theorie of Jupiter and Saturn
Jacobus H. van 't Hoff
Chemist
30-Aug-1852 1-Mar-1911 Three-dimensional molecular properties
Nicholas J. Hoff
Engineer
3-Jan-1906 4-Aug-1997 Aluminum in aircraft design
Jules A. Hoffmann
Biologist
2-Aug-1941   Innate immunity
Kiyoshi Ito
Mathematician
7-Sep-1915 10-Nov-2008 Ito Calculus
Frédéric Joliot
Physicist
19-Mar-1900 14-Aug-1958 Artificial radioactivity
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
Physicist
21-Sep-1853 21-Feb-1926 Liquefied helium and discovered superconductivity
Jacobus C. Kapteyn
Astronomer
19-Jan-1851 18-Jun-1922 Star streaming
Paul Karrer
Chemist
21-Apr-1889 18-Jun-1971 Synthesized vitamins A, B2, E, and K
Alfred Kastler
Physicist
3-May-1902 7-Jan-1984 Optical pumping
Aaron Klug
Chemist
11-Aug-1926   Structural analysis of viruses
Donald E. Knuth
Computer Programmer
10-Jan-1938   The Art of Computer Programming
Robert Koch
Doctor
11-Dec-1843 27-May-1910 Germ theory of disease
Nicolas Louis de Lacaille
Astronomer
15-May-1713 21-Mar-1762 Coelum Australe Stelliferum
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
Biologist
1-Aug-1744 18-Dec-1829 Early invertebrate biologist, evolutionary theorist
Paul Langevin
Physicist
23-Jan-1872 19-Dec-1946 Studied piezoelectricity
Pierre-Simon Laplace
Mathematician
23-Mar-1749 5-Mar-1827 Traité du Mécanique Céleste
Alphonse Laveran
Doctor
18-Jun-1845 18-May-1922 Found the parasite that causes malaria
Jean-Marie Lehn
Chemist
30-Sep-1939   Synthesis of molecules
Luis Leloir
Chemist
6-Sep-1906 2-Dec-1987 Conversion of carbohydrates
Gabriel Lippmann
Physicist
16-Aug-1845 13-Jul-1921 Photographic color plate
Louis Lumière
Inventor
5-Oct-1864 6-Jun-1948 Inventor of motion pictures
Bernard Lyot
Astronomer
27-Feb-1897 2-Apr-1952 Sandstorms on Mars
Charles Messier
Astronomer
26-Jun-1730 12-Apr-1817 Cataloguer of M objects
Albert A. Michelson
Physicist
19-Dec-1852 9-May-1931 Measured the speed of light
Peter Mitchell
Chemist
29-Sep-1920 10-Apr-1992 ADP to ATP conversion in mitochondia
August Möbius
Astronomer
17-Nov-1790 26-Sep-1868 Möbius strip
Keith Moffatt
Mathematician
12-Apr-1935   Fluid dynamics
Henri Moissan
Chemist
28-Sep-1852 20-Feb-1907 Isolated fluorine
Luc Montagnier
Scientist
18-Aug-1932   Co-Discoverer of HIV
Giulio Natta
Chemist
26-Feb-1903 2-May-1979 Ziegler-Natta catalysts for polymerization
Louis Néel
Physicist
22-Nov-1904 17-Nov-2000 Magnetic properties of solids
Charles Nicolle
Scientist
21-Sep-1866 28-Feb-1936 Found that lice transmit typhus
Pief Panofsky
Physicist
24-Apr-1919 24-Sep-2007 Stanford Linear Accelerator
Philippe Pinel
Psychiatrist
20-Apr-1745 25-Oct-1826 Unchained the insane
Norman F. Ramsey
Physicist
27-Aug-1915 4-Nov-2011 Energy levels of atoms
C. N. R. Rao
Chemist
30-Jun-1934   Chemistry of superconductivity
Henri-Victor Regnault
Chemist
21-Jul-1810 19-Jan-1878 Properties of gases
Paul Sabatier
Chemist
5-Nov-1854 14-Aug-1941 Heterogeneous catalysis
Frank Schlesinger
Astronomer
11-May-1871 10-Jul-1943 Stellar parallaxes
Manne Siegbahn
Physicist
3-Dec-1886 26-Sep-1978 X-Ray spectroscopy
George D. Snell
Scientist
19-Dec-1903 6-Jun-1996 Recognition of HLA antigens
Wendell M. Stanley
Chemist
16-Aug-1904 15-Jun-1971 First to crystallize a virus
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
Philosopher
1-May-1881 10-Apr-1955 The Phenomenon of Man
Stephen Timoshenko
Engineer
23-Dec-1878 29-May-1972 Mechanical engineering professor at Stanford
Herbert Hall Turner
Astronomer
13-Aug-1861 20-Aug-1930 Stellar positions
John H. van Vleck
Physicist
13-Mar-1899 27-Oct-1980 Quantum theory of paramagnetism
Gabriele Veneziano
Physicist
20-Feb-1942   Father of string theory
James Watt
Inventor
19-Jan-1736 19-Aug-1819 Invented modern steam engine
Abraham Gottlob Werner
Geologist
25-Sep-1750 30-Jun-1817 Neptunist school of geology
Georg Wittig
Chemist
16-Jun-1897 26-Aug-1987 Wittig Reaction
Thomas Young
Physicist
13-Jun-1773 10-May-1829 Wave Theory of Light
Ahmed H. Zewail
Chemist
26-Feb-1946   Femtochemistry


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