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Heinrich Wieland

Heinrich WielandAKA Heinrich Otto Wieland

Born: 4-Jun-1877
Birthplace: Pforzheim, Germany
Died: 5-Aug-1957
Location of death: Starnberg, Germany
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Starnberg Cemetery, Starnberg, Germany

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Studied acids of bile

German chemist Heinrich Wieland studied bile acids, work that won him the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1927. In 1911 he showed that three principle ingredients in liver secretions (cholic acid, deoxycholic acid, and lithocholic acid) are chemically similar, and all three are steroids. He showed that nitrogen, which is found in different forms in organic compounds, can be detected and identified as distinct from other forms of nitrogen, and detailed the close relationship between bile acids and cholesterol. He is perhaps best remembered for his theory that oxidation in living tissues is more a matter of hydrogen atoms being removed than of the addition of oxygen. In 1941 he isolated alpha-amanitin, the toxin that makes the poisonous mushroom Amanita phalloides so deadly. His students included future Nobel laureate Feodor Lynen, who married Wieland's daughter.

Father: Theodor Wieland (pharmaceutical chemist, b. 1846, d. 1928)
Mother: Elise Blom Wieland
Wife: Josephine Bartmann Wieland (m. 1908)
Son: Wolfgang Wieland (doctor of pharmaceutical chemistry)
Son: Theodor Wieland (professor of chemistry)
Son: Otto Wieland (professor of medicine)
Daughter: Eva Wieland Lynen (m. biochemist Feodor Lynen)

    High School: Technical High School, Stuttgart, Germany
    University: University of Berlin
    University: University of Stuttgart
    University: PhD, University of Munich (1901)
    Teacher: Technical University Munich (1913-17)
    Scholar: War-related research, Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin-Dahlem (1917-18)
    Professor: Technical University Munich (1918-21)
    Professor: University of Freiburg (1921-25)
    Professor: Chemistry, University of Munich (1925-50)

    Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH 1907-13
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1927
    Cross of the Order of Merit
    Otto Hahn Prize for Chemistry and Physics 1955
    Royal Society
    German Ancestry

Author of books:
Über den Verlauf der Oxydationsvorgänge (On the Mechanism of Oxidation) (1933, non-fiction)


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