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Archibald V. Hill

Archibald V. HillAKA Archibald Vivian Hill

Born: 26-Sep-1886
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: 3-Jun-1977
Location of death: Cambridge, England
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Studied muscles and nerves

Military service: British Army, Captain (WWI, Inventions Dept, Ministry of Munitions)

British physiologist Archibald Vivian Hill researched the effects of electric stimulation on nerve function, the mechanical functions of muscle, and the ways oxygen and hemoglobin interact. Alongside Hermann von Helmholtz, he is now considered one of the founders of biophysics. Hill and German scientist Otto Meyerhof shared the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

His wife, Margaret Neville Keynes, was the sister of economist John Maynard Keynes.

Wife: Margaret Neville Keynes Hill (b. 1890, m. 1913, d. 1974, four children)
Daughter: Polly Hill (economist, b. 1914, d. 2005)
Son: David Keynes Hill (physiologist, b. 1915, d. 2002)
Son: Maurice Hill (oceanographer, b. 1919, d. 1966)
Daughter: Janet Hill (child psychiatrist)

    High School: Blundell's School, Tiverton, England (1907)
    University: BA Mathematics, Cambridge University, England (1909)
    Scholar: Physiology, Cambridge University, England (1909-14)
    Teacher: Physical Chemistry, Cambridge University, England (1914-19)
    Scholar: Physiology, Cambridge University, England (1919-20)
    Professor: Physiology, University of Manchester, England (1920-23)
    Professor: Physiology, University College London, England (1923-26, 1952-66)
    Professor: Biophysics, University College London, England (1926-52)

    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1922, with Otto Meyerhof
    Copley Medal 1948
    Officer of the British Empire 1918
    UK Member of Parliament 1940-45
    Royal Society 1918
    British Museum Trustee (1947-70)

Author of books:
Muscular Activity (1926, research)
Muscular Movement in Man (1927, research)
Living Machinery (1927, research)
Adventures in Biophysics (1931, research)
Chemical wave transmission in nerve (1932, research)
The Ethical Dilemma of Science and Other Writings (1960, non-fiction)
Traits and Trials in Physiology (1965, memoirs)
First and last experiments in muscle mechanics (1970, textbook)


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