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Otto Meyerhof

Otto MeyerhofAKA Otto Fritz Meyerhof

Born: 12-Apr-1884
Birthplace: Hannover, Germany
Died: 6-Oct-1951
Location of death: Philadelphia, PA
Cause of death: Heart Failure

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Glycogen-lactic acid cycle

German biochemist Otto Meyerhof's most famous work was the demonstration of a fixed relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the metabolism of lactic acid in the muscle. It won him the Nobel Prize in 1922, shared with English physiologist Archibald V. Hill.

His parents were both Jewish, but amid the growing anti-Semitism of 19th-Century Germany, Meyerhof was raised in the Lutheran church. Despite the Nobel honors and his administrative post at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, he was ordered to stop teaching in 1935. In 1938 he fled Germany for France, and when the Nazis invaded France he came to America, where he joined the faculty at the University of Pennsylvania and lived the last decade of his life. His son, Stanford physics professor Walter Meyerhof, was among the more outspoken debunkers of "cold fusion" in the 1980s.

Father: Felix Meyerhof (merchant)
Mother: Bettina May Meyerhof (homemaker)
Wife: Hedwig Schallenberg Meyerhof (artist)
Son: Gottfried Meyerhof (Professor of Civil Engineering at Dalhousie Univ., b. 1916, d. 2003)
Son: Walter Meyerhof (Professor of Physics at Stanford, b. 22-Apr-1922, d. 27-May-2006)
Daughter: Bettina Meyerhof Emerson (physician)

    High School: Wilhelms Gymnasium, Berlin, Germany (1898)
    University: University of Freiburg, Germany
    University: University of Berlin, Germany
    University: University of Strasbourg, Germany (now France)
    Medical School: MD, University of Heidelberg, Germany (1909)
    Teacher: University of Kiel, Germany (1913-15)
    Administrator: Physiology, Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research (1929-38, now Max Planck Inst.)
    Administrator: Institut de Biologie physico-chimique, Paris (1938-40)
    Professor: Physiological Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (1940-51)

    Royal Society
    National Academy of Sciences
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1922, with Archibald V. Hill
    German Ancestry
    Jewish Ancestry

Author of books:
Contributions to the psychological theory of mental disturbances (1909, research)
Energy Change of Bacteria (1912, research)
The Chemical Dynamics of Living Matter (1913, research)
A symposium on respiratory enzymes (1942, research)


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