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André F. Cournand

André F. CournandAKA André Frédéric Cournand

Born: 24-Sep-1895
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: 19-Feb-1988
Location of death: Great Barrington, MA
Cause of death: Natural Causes

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Cardiac catheterization

Military service: French Army (1915-18)

French-American physician and physiologist André F. Cournand studied circulation of the blood, and advanced understanding and treatment for heart disease. He won the Nobel Prize in 1956, shared with his colleague Dickinson W. Richards and the German country doctor Werner Forssmann, for cardiac catheterization, in which a catheter is inserted through a vein into the heart. Cournand published about 100 papers on the cardiopulmonary system, and established better methods to measure cardiac output and blood pressure in the right heart and the pulmonary artery. He edited The American Journal of Physiology, became an American citizen in 1941, and served on the Chemical Warfare Service in World War II.

Father: Jules Cournand (physician, d. 1932)
Mother: Marguérite Weber Cournand
Wife: Sibylle Blumer Cournand (d. 1959)
Son: Pierre Birel Rosset-Cournand (stepson, b. 3-Jun-1924, d. 15-Sep-1944 WWII combat)
Daughter: Muriel Cournand Jaeger
Daughter: Marie-Eve Cournand Walker
Daughter: Marie-Claire Cournand (physician)

    High School: Condorcet College, Paris, France
    University: BA, Sorbonne (1913)
    University: MS Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, Sorbonne (1914)
    Scholar: Pasteur Institute, Paris (early 1920s)
    Medical School: MD, University of Paris (1930)
    Scholar: Columbia University (1930)
    Teacher: Medicine, Columbia University (1934-51)
    Professor: Medicine, Columbia University (1951-88)

    Croix de Guerre 1918
    Lasker Award 1949
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1956, with Dickinson W. Richards and Werner Forssmann
    French Legion of Honor 1958
    Association of American Physicians
    American Physiological Society
    National Academy of Sciences 1968
    Naturalized US Citizen 1941
    French Ancestry

Author of books:
From Roots to Late Budding: The Intellectual Adventures of a Medical Scientist (1986, autobiography, co-author Michael Meyer)
The Code of Science: Analysis and Reflections on Its Future (1970, co-author Harriet Anne Zuckerman)


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