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Ada E. Yonath

Born: 22-Jun-1939
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel

Gender: Female
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: Israel
Executive summary: Cryocrystallography

Israeli biochemist Ada E. Yonath has studied ribosomes, large complex molecule that synthesizes protein, work which earned her the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (shared with Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas A. Steitz). She was the first scientist to observe and unravel the internal architecture of a large ribosomal subunit, and she developed a new methodology called cryocrystallography or the "cryo technique", in which protein crystals are rapid-frozen to reduce radiation damage caused by previous X-ray crystallography methods.

Daughter: Hagit Yonath (scientist)

    High School: Tichon Hadash High School, Tel Aviv, Israel (1958)
    University: BS Chemistry, Hebrew University (1962)
    University: MS Biochemistry, Hebrew University (1964)
    University: PhD Crystallography, Weizmann Institute of Science (1968)
    Scholar: Biochemistrym Carnegie Mellon University (1968-69)
    Scholar: Crystallography, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1969-70)
    Scholar: Crystallography, Weizmann Institute of Science (1970-74)
    Scholar: Crystallography, Mazer Center for Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science (1974-88)
    Administrator: Director, Mazer Center for Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science (1988-2004)
    Administrator: Director, Kimmelman Center for Biomolecular Structure and Assembly, Weizmann Institute of Science (1989-)
    Administrator: Director, Structural Molecular Biology Unit, Max Planck Institute, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany

    Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 2000
    National Academy of Sciences 2003
    National Institutes of Health
    European Crystallographic Association Max Perutz Prize 2000
    Harvey Prize 2002
    Israel Prize 2002
    Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize 2005
    Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize 2007
    Wolf Prize in Chemistry 2007:(with George Feher)
    L'Oréal-UNESCO Award for Women in Science 2008
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2009:(with Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas A. Steitz)
    Jewish Ancestry
    Polish Ancestry


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