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National Institutes of Health

US GOVERNMENT OFFICE

Medical research agency, part of the US Health & Human Services Department.

Official Website:
http://www.nih.gov/

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Christian Anfinsen
Chemist
26-Mar-1916 14-May-1995 Protein structure and folding
Daniel I. Arnon
Biologist
14-Nov-1910 20-Dec-1994 Photophosphorylation
Julius Axelrod
Chemist
30-May-1912 29-Dec-2004 Research of neurotransmitters
David Baltimore
Biologist
7-Mar-1938   Co-Discoverer, reverse transcriptase
Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
Scientist
30-Jul-1947   Co-Discoverer of HIV
Baruj Benacerraf
Scientist
29-Oct-1920 2-Aug-2011 Gene control of HLA antigens
Paul Berg
Chemist
30-Jun-1926   Pioneer in recombinant DNA
Richard Bloch
Business
15-Feb-1926 21-Jul-2004 H&R Block, cancer activist
Michael S. Brown
Biologist
13-Apr-1941   Metabolism of cholesterol
Robert N. Butler
Doctor
21-Jan-1927 4-Jul-2010 Expert on aging
Ananda M. Chakrabarty
Scientist
4-Apr-1938   Oil-eating bacteria
Stanley N. Cohen
Biologist
17-Feb-1935   Recombinant DNA
Francis Collins
Scientist
14-Apr-1950   Human Genome Project
Michael DeBakey
Doctor
7-Sep-1908 11-Jul-2008 Father of cardiovascular surgery
Naomi C. Earp
Government
c. 1950   Chairman of the EEOC, 2006-08
Donald M. Engelman
Biologist
c. 1941   Biochemistry Professor at Yale
Joseph L. Goldstein
Scientist
18-Apr-1940   Hypercholesterolemia and cell metabolism
Carol W. Greider
Scientist
15-Apr-1961   Co-Discoverer of telomerase
Margaret A. Hamburg
Government
1955   FDA Commissioner
Bernadine P. Healy
Doctor
4-Aug-1944 6-Aug-2011 President, American Red Cross, 1999-2001
Susan Hockfield
Educator
24-Mar-1951   President of MIT
Jules A. Hoffmann
Biologist
2-Aug-1941   Innate immunity
Johannes Holtfreter
Zoologist
9-Jan-1901 13-Nov-1992 Chemotaxis
Michael M. E. Johns
Educator
c. 1941   Chancellor, Emory University
Albert Lasker
Business
1-May-1880 30-May-1952 Advertising executive and medical research patron
Mary Lasker
Activist
30-Nov-1900 21-Feb-1994 Health care advocate
Vernon R. Loucks, Jr.
Business
c. 1935   CEO of Baxter International, 1980-99
Roderick MacKinnon
Biologist
19-Feb-1956   Ion channels of cell membranes
John Mendelsohn
Biologist
31-Aug-1936   Cancer researcher
Mario J. Molina
Chemist
19-Mar-1943   Ozone depletion
Antonia C. Novello
Doctor
23-Aug-1944   US Surgeon General, 1990-93
Cecil B. Pickett
Biologist
5-Oct-1945   Ezetrol, Singulair, and Vioxx
Albert Sabin
Biologist
26-Aug-1906 3-Mar-1993 Developed oral polio vaccine
K. Barry Sharpless
Chemist
28-Apr-1941   Chiral catalysts
Wendell M. Stanley
Chemist
16-Aug-1904 15-Jun-1971 First to crystallize a virus
William H. Stein
Chemist
25-Jun-1911 2-Feb-1980 Amino-acid analyzer
Leo Szilard
Physicist
11-Feb-1898 30-May-1964 Nuclear chain reaction
Jack W. Szostak
Scientist
9-Nov-1952   First artificial chromosome
Harold E. Varmus
Scientist
18-Dec-1939   Genetic causes of cancer
Craig Venter
Biologist
14-Oct-1946   Engineered the first man-made bacterial cell
James Watson
Scientist
6-Apr-1928   Co-Discoverer of DNA
Ada E. Yonath
Scientist
22-Jun-1939   Cryocrystallography


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