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Jerome Karle

Jerome KarleBorn: 18-Jun-1918
Birthplace: New York City
Died: 6-Jun-2013
Location of death: Annandale, VA
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Religion: Agnostic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: X-Ray diffraction studies

American chemist and crystallographer Jerome Karle worked with mathematician Herbert A. Hauptman to develop a mathematical approach to crystallography, called the "direct method". Their technique allows the phase of x-rays diffracted by crystals to be calculated directly, to deduce the three-dimensional molecular structure of chemical compounds. Karle and Hauptman were classmates in chemistry classes at City College of New York in the 1930s, and shared the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1985. His wife is crystallographer Isabella Karle.

Father: Louis Karfunkle
Mother: Sadie Helen Kun
Wife: Isabella Helen Karle (crystallographer, b. 1921, m. 1942, three daughters)
Daughter: Louise Isabella Karle Hanson (chemist, b. 1946)
Daughter: Jean Marianne Karle (crystallographer, b. 1950)
Daughter: Madeline Diane Karle (geologist, b. 1955)

    High School: Abraham Lincoln High School, Bronx, NY (1934)
    University: BS Chemistry and Biology, City College of New York (1937)
    University: MA Biology, Harvard University (1938)
    University: MS Physical Chemistry, University of Michigan (1942)
    Professor: PhD Physical Chemistry, University of Michigan (1944)
    Professor: University of Maryland (1951-70)

    Caduceus Award for Excellence in Natural Sciences 1937
    Research Society of America Award in Pure Science 1959
    ACS William F. Hillebrand Award 1970
    USN Robert Dexter Conrad Award 1976
    ACA A.L. Patterson Award 1984
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1985 (with Herbert A. Hauptman)
    CMG Albert Abraham Michelson Award 1986
    Academy of Achievement Golden Plate Award 1986
    National Library of Medicine Award 1986
    President's Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service 1986
    Secretary of Navy Award for Distinguished Achievement 1986
    Ettore Majorana-Erice Science for Peace Prize 1994
    Navy Distinguished Service Medal 2009 (with Isabella Karle)
    Navy Department Chief Scientist, Naval Research Laboratory (1968-2009)
    Navy Department Crystallographer, Naval Research Laboratory (1944-68)
    New York State Official Health Dept (1938-40)
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Chemical Society
    American Mathematical Society
    American Philosophical Society 1990
    American Physical Society 1961
    Federation of American Scientists Board of Sponsors
    International Union of Crystallography President, 1981-84
    Manhattan Project 1943-44
    National Academy of Sciences 1976
    National Research Council Chairman, 1973-75
    Jewish Ancestry
    Polish Ancestry


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