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Charles Greeley Abbot

Born: 31-May-1872
Birthplace: Wilton, NH
Died: 17-Dec-1973
Location of death: Riverdale, MD
Cause of death: Natural Causes

Gender: Male
Religion: Congregationalist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Astronomer, Physicist, Administrator

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Solar energy

Astrophysicist Charles Greeley Abbot worked under Samuel P. Langley at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, and eventually took charge of both the observatory and the museum. He studied the effect of solar activity on terrestrial weather patterns (work which formed the basis for long-range weather predictions) and he established the now-recognized value of the solar constant (the average amount of solar radiation that reaches the earth's upper atmosphere). As a visual aide for his lectures, he designed some of the earliest solar-powered heaters and cookers, and he is the namesake of the Abbot Award, presented annually by the American Solar Energy Society. He was a great-grand-nephew of Nathan Hale.

Father: Harris Abbot (farmer, b. 19-Sep-1812, d. 20-Mar-1884)
Mother: Caroline Ann Greeley Abbot (b. 20-Oct-1836, m. 20-Nov-1860)
Sister: Ella Caroline Abbot Wilder (teacher, b. 22-Apr-1862)
Brother: Stanley Harris Abbot (farmer, b. 20-Oct-1863)
Sister: Florence Hale Abbot (physician, b. 20-Oct-1867)
Wife: Lillian Elvira Moore Abbot (m. 13-Oct-1897, d. 1-Jun-1944, no children)
Wife: Virginia Andes Johnston Abbott (m. 1954, no children)

    High School: Phillips Academy Andover (1890)
    University: BS Chemical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1894)
    University: MS Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1895)

    Rumford Prize 1916
    Henry Draper Medal 1910
    Smithsonian Institution Secretary (1928-44)
    Smithsonian Institution Assistant Secretary (1918-28)
    Smithsonian Institution Dir., Astrophysical Observatory (1906-44)
    Smithsonian Institution Astronomer, Astrophysical Observatory (1895-1907)
    American Philosophical Society
    National Academy of Sciences
    English Ancestry

Author of books:
Everyday Mysteries (1923)
The Earth and the Stars (1925)
The Sun and the Welfare of Man (1929)
Great Inventions (1932)


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