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Daniel C. Tsui

Daniel C. TsuiAKA Daniel Chee Tsui

Born: 28-Feb-1939
Birthplace: Hunan Province, China

Gender: Male
Religion: Lutheran
Race or Ethnicity: Asian
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Fractional quantum Hall effect

American physicist Daniel C. Tsui discovered (with Horst L. Störmer) of a previously unknown form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations, called the fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE). Tsui was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1998, sharing the honor with Störmer and Robert B. Laughlin, who detailed the physics that made the effect make sense. More recently Tsui's work has centered on the electrical properties of thin films and microstructures of semiconductors and solid state physics.

Father: (farmer)
Mother: (farmer)
Wife: Linda Varland

    High School: Pui Ching Middle School, Hong Kong (1957)
    Medical School: National Taiwan University
    University: Augustana College Rock Island (1961)
    University: PhD Physics, University of Chicago (1967)
    Scholar: University of Chicago (1967-68)
    Professor: Electrical Engineering, Princeton University (1982-)

    APS Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize 1984
    Benjamin Franklin Medal 1998 (Franklin Institute)
    Nobel Prize for Physics 1998 (with Horst L. Störmer and Robert B. Laughlin)
    Bell Laboratories Research Physicist (1968-82)
    Academia Sinica 1992
    American Physical Society
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    Chinese Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 2000
    Federation of American Scientists Board of Sponsors
    IEEE
    Materials Research Society
    National Academy of Engineering 2004
    National Academy of Sciences 1987
    Phi Beta Kappa Society
    Chinese Ancestry
    Naturalized US Citizen
    Asteroid Namesake 77318 Danieltsui


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