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American Physical Society

PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATION

Organization of physicists, founded 1899.

Official Website:
http://www.aps.org/

Founding Date:
1899

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Alexei A. Abrikosov
Physicist
25-Jun-1928   Particle physicist, explored superconductivity
Luis W. Alvarez
Physicist
13-Jun-1911 1-Sep-1988 Particle accelerator, extinction of dinosaurs
Carl David Anderson
Physicist
3-Sep-1905 11-Jan-1991 Discovered the positron, mu-meson
Philip W. Anderson
Physicist
13-Dec-1923   Solid state physics
Harold D. Babcock
Astronomer
24-Jan-1882 8-Apr-1968 Solar radiation
John Bardeen
Physicist
23-May-1908 30-Jan-1991 Co-Inventor of the transistor
Frederick M. Bernthal
Administrator
10-Jan-1943   President, Universities Research Association
Hans Bethe
Physicist
2-Jul-1906 6-Mar-2005 Atomic scientist
Robert J. Birgeneau
Educator
1942   Chancellor, UC Berkeley
Felix Bloch
Physicist
23-Oct-1905 10-Sep-1983 Nuclear magnetic resonance
Nicolaas Bloembergen
Physicist
11-Mar-1920   Nonlinear optics
Willard S. Boyle
Physicist
19-Aug-1924 7-May-2011 Digital photography
Walter H. Brattain
Physicist
10-Feb-1902 13-Oct-1987 Co-Inventor of the transistor
Gregory Breit
Physicist
14-Jul-1899 11-Sep-1981 Proton-proton dispersion
Percy Williams Bridgman
Physicist
21-Apr-1882 20-Aug-1961 High-pressure physics
Bertram N. Brockhouse
Physicist
15-Jul-1918 13-Oct-2003 Triple-axis crystal spectrometry
Vannevar Bush
Scientist
11-Mar-1890 30-Jun-1974 Pre-internet visionary
Claude R. Canizares
Physicist
1945   Bruno Rossi Professor of Physics
James Chadwick
Physicist
20-Oct-1891 24-Jul-1974 Discovered the neutron
Owen Chamberlain
Physicist
10-Jul-1920 28-Feb-2006 Co-Discoverer of the antiproton
Steven Chu
Physicist
28-Feb-1948   US Secretary of Energy
John Clarke
Physicist
10-Feb-1942   Superconducting quantum interference
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
Physicist
1-Apr-1933   Trapped atoms with laser light
Arthur H. Compton
Physicist
10-Sep-1892 15-Mar-1962 Discovered the Compton Effect
Karl T. Compton
Physicist
15-Sep-1887 22-Jun-1954 Bikini Island atomic tests
Edward Condon
Physicist
2-Mar-1902 26-Mar-1974 Quantum Mechanics
William D. Coolidge
Physicist
23-Oct-1873 4-Feb-1975 Tungsten filaments and Coolidge tubes
Leon N. Cooper
Physicist
28-Feb-1930   BCS Theory of Superconductivity
Allan M. Cormack
Physicist
23-Feb-1924 7-May-1998 Computerized axial tomography (CAT scans)
Clyde Cowan
Physicist
6-Dec-1919 24-May-1974 Co-Discover of the neutrino
George A. Cowan
Physicist
15-Feb-1920 20-Apr-2012 Founder, Santa Fe Institute
James W. Cronin
Physicist
29-Sep-1931   Time not necessarily reversible
Paul Dirac
Physicist
8-Aug-1902 20-Oct-1984 The Principles of Quantum Mechanics
Sidney D. Drell
Physicist
13-Sep-1926   In the Shadow of the Bomb
Robert C. Dynes
Educator
8-Nov-1942   President, University of California, 2003-08
Freeman Dyson
Physicist
15-Dec-1923   Theoretical physicist at Institute for Advanced Study
Vernon Ehlers
Politician
6-Feb-1934   Congressman from Michigan, 1993-2011
Richard R. Ernst
Chemist
14-Aug-1933   NMR spectroscopy
Philo Farnsworth
Inventor
19-Aug-1906 11-Mar-1971 Inventor of electronic television
Richard Feynman
Physicist
11-May-1918 15-Feb-1988 Surely he's joking
Val Fitch
Physicist
10-Mar-1923   Time not necessarily reversible
Bill Foster
Politician
7-Oct-1955   Congressman from Illinois, 2008-11
William A. Fowler
Astronomer
9-Aug-1911 14-Mar-1995 Element generation within stars
Joseph S. Francisco
Chemist
1955   Atmospheric chemist
James Franck
Physicist
26-Aug-1882 21-May-1964 Franck-Hertz experiment
Jerome I. Friedman
Physicist
28-Mar-1930   Verified existence of quarks
George Gamow
Physicist
4-Mar-1904 19-Aug-1968 Proponent of Big Bang Theory
Alice P. Gast
Educator
25-May-1958   President, Lehigh University
Murray Gell-Mann
Physicist
15-Sep-1929   Quarks and strangeness
Ivan Getting
Inventor
18-Jan-1912 11-Oct-2003 Global Positioning System
Riccardo Giacconi
Astronomer
6-Oct-1931   Discovered cosmic X-ray sources
Ivar Giaever
Physicist
5-Apr-1929   Tunneling through superconductors
William F. Giauque
Chemist
12-May-1895 28-Mar-1982 Adiabatic demagnetization
Donald A. Glaser
Physicist
21-Sep-1926   Inventor of the bubble chamber
Sheldon Glashow
Physicist
5-Dec-1932   Electroweak Theory
Robert Goddard
Scientist
5-Oct-1882 10-Aug-1945 Father of modern rocketry
Maria Goeppert-Mayer
Physicist
28-Jun-1906 20-Feb-1972 Shell nuclear model
Maurice Goldhaber
Physicist
18-Apr-1911 11-May-2011 Neutrons
Richard J. Goldstein
Engineer
c. 1936   Fluid mechanics
Samuel Goudsmit
Physicist
11-Jul-1902 4-Dec-1978 Conceived idea of Quantum Spin
David J. Gross
Physicist
19-Feb-1941   Deep structure of matter
Edwin Hall
Physicist
7-Nov-1855 20-Nov-1938 Discovered the Hall Effect
John L. Hall
Physicist
21-Aug-1934   Quantum optics
Theodor W. Hänsch
Physicist
30-Oct-1941   Quantum optics
George Russell Harrison
Physicist
14-Jul-1898 27-Jul-1979 Echelle spectrograph
Martin Harwit
Astronomer
9-Mar-1931   Helium-cooled rockets and infrared spectroscopy
Alan J. Heeger
Physicist
22-Jan-1936   Metallic polymers
Victor Francis Hess
Physicist
24-Jun-1883 17-Dec-1964 Proved cosmic origin of radiation
Roald Hoffmann
Chemist
18-Jul-1937   Woodward-Hoffmann reaction
Robert Hofstadter
Physicist
5-Feb-1915 17-Nov-1990 Size, shape, and structure of neutrons and protons
Nick Holonyak
Physicist
3-Nov-1928   Light-emitting diodes
Rush Holt
Politician
15-Oct-1948   Congressman, New Jersey 12th
Leroy Hood
Biologist
10-Oct-1938   Systems biology and Human Genome Project
Donald F. Hornig
Educator
17-Mar-1920   President of Brown University, 1970-76
Evelyn Hu
Physicist
c. 1947   Nanoscale device fabrication
Vernon W. Hughes
Physicist
28-May-1921 25-Mar-2003 Muons
Albert Wallace Hull
Physicist
19-Apr-1880 22-Jan-1966 Inventor of the magnetron tube
Shirley A. Jackson
Physicist
5-Aug-1946   NRC Chairman, 1995-99
Michio Kaku
Physicist
24-Jan-1947   String Theory
Jerome Karle
Chemist
18-Jun-1918   X-Ray diffraction studies
Henry W. Kendall
Physicist
9-Dec-1926 15-Feb-1999 Verified existence of quarks
Donald M. Kerr
Government
c. 1941   Deputy Director, US National Intelligence
Wolfgang Ketterle
Physicist
21-Oct-1957   Bose-Einstein condensates
Jay Keyworth
Physicist
c. 1939   Science advisor to Reagan
Masatoshi Koshiba
Physicist
19-Sep-1926   Detected cosmic neutrinos
Herbert Kroemer
Physicist
25-Aug-1928   Pioneer in laser technology
Willis Lamb
Physicist
12-Jul-1913 15-May-2008 Detailed the hydrogen spectrum
Andrew E. Lange
Astronomer
23-Jul-1957 22-Jan-2010 Cosmologist, astrophysicist at Caltech
Irving Langmuir
Chemist
31-Jan-1881 16-Aug-1957 Inventor of the high-vacuum tube
Max von Laue
Physicist
9-Oct-1879 23-Apr-1960 X-ray crystallography
Robert B. Laughlin
Physicist
1-Nov-1950   Fractional quantum Hall effect
Paul C. Lauterbur
Scientist
6-May-1929 27-Mar-2007 Magnetic resonance imaging
Leon M. Lederman
Physicist
15-Jul-1922   Researcher of neutrinos
David M. Lee
Physicist
20-Jan-1931   Superfluidity of helium-3
Tsung-Dao Lee
Physicist
25-Nov-1926   Violations of parity law
Yuan T. Lee
Chemist
29-Nov-1936   Crossed molecular beam experiments
Morris E. Leeds
Business
6-Mar-1869 8-Feb-1952 Leeds & Northrup Co.
Anthony J. Leggett
Physicist
26-Mar-1938   Particle physicist, explored superfluidity
Robert B. Leighton
Astronomer
10-Sep-1919 9-Mar-1997 Leighton dishes
William Lipscomb
Chemist
9-Dec-1919 14-Apr-2011 Chemical bonding
Alfred Lee Loomis
Physicist
4-Nov-1887 1-Aug-1975 Millionaire scientist
Rudolph A. Marcus
Chemist
21-Jul-1923   Electron-transfer reactions
John C. Mather
Physicist
7-Aug-1946   Big Bang
Edwin M. McMillan
Physicist
18-Sep-1907 7-Sep-1991 Discovered neptunium and plutonium
Carver A. Mead
Engineer
1-May-1934   Microelectronics
Richard A. Meserve
Attorney
20-Nov-1944   President of the Carnegie Institution
Albert A. Michelson
Physicist
19-Dec-1852 9-May-1931 Measured the speed of light
Robert A. Millikan
Physicist
22-Mar-1868 19-Dec-1953 Determined the charge of an electron
Raymond D. Mindlin
Engineer
17-Sep-1906 22-Nov-1987 Mindlin's problem
Keith Moffatt
Mathematician
12-Apr-1935   Fluid dynamics
Ernest J. Moniz
Educator
c. 1944   Professor of Physics, MIT
Robert S. Mulliken
Chemist
7-Jun-1896 31-Oct-1986 Molecular orbital theory
Yoichiro Nambu
Physicist
18-Jan-1921   Spontaneous broken symmetry
Lars Onsager
Chemist
27-Nov-1903 5-Oct-1976 Fourth Law of Thermodynamics
Douglas D. Osheroff
Physicist
1-Aug-1945   Superfluidity of helium-3
David W. Oxtoby
Educator
1951   President, Pomona College
Pief Panofsky
Physicist
24-Apr-1919 24-Sep-2007 Stanford Linear Accelerator
Eugene Parker
Astronomer
10-Jun-1927   Solar winds
Wolfgang Pauli
Physicist
25-Apr-1900 15-Dec-1958 Pauli Exclusion Principle
P. James E. Peebles
Astronomer
25-Apr-1935   Galaxy formation
Rudolf Peierls
Physicist
5-Jun-1907 19-Sep-1995 Frisch-Peierls Memorandum
Arno Penzias
Astronomer
26-Apr-1933   Detected primordial radiation
Martin L. Perl
Physicist
24-Jun-1927   Discovered the tau lepton
Saul Perlmutter
Astronomer
1959   Accelerating expansion of the universe
William D. Phillips
Physicist
5-Nov-1948   Trapped atoms with laser light
Kenneth S. Pitzer
Chemist
6-Jan-1914 26-Dec-1997 President of Rice University, 1961-68
James D. Plummer
Educator
3-Dec-1944   Dean of Stanford's Engineering School
H. David Politzer
Physicist
31-Aug-1949   Deep structure of matter
E. M. Purcell
Physicist
30-Aug-1912 7-Mar-1997 Nuclear magnetic resonance
Isidor Isaac Rabi
Physicist
29-Jul-1898 11-Jan-1988 Magnetic beam resonances
James Rainwater
Physicist
9-Dec-1917 31-May-1986 Determined shapes of nuclei
Norman F. Ramsey
Physicist
27-Aug-1915 4-Nov-2011 Energy levels of atoms
Frederick Reines
Physicist
16-Mar-1918 26-Aug-1998 Co-Discover of the neutrino
Robert C. Richardson
Physicist
26-Jun-1937   Superfluidity of helium-3
Burton Richter
Physicist
22-Mar-1931   Co-Discoverer of J/psi meson
F. Sherwood Rowland
Chemist
28-Jun-1927 10-Mar-2012 Ozone depletion
Henry Augustus Rowland
Physicist
27-Nov-1848 16-Apr-1901 Studied optics, magnetism, etc.
Carl Sagan
Astronomer
9-Nov-1934 20-Dec-1996 Popular astronomer, host of Cosmos
Edwin E. Salpeter
Astronomer
3-Dec-1924 26-Nov-2008 Quantitative electron microscopic autoradiography
Arthur L. Schawlow
Physicist
5-May-1921 28-Apr-1999 Laser spectroscopy
Robert Schrieffer
Physicist
31-May-1931   BCS Theory of Superconductivity
Melvin Schwartz
Physicist
2-Nov-1932 28-Aug-2006 Researcher of neutrinos
Julian Schwinger
Physicist
12-Feb-1918 16-Jul-1994 Quantum electrodynamics
Glenn Seaborg
Physicist
19-Apr-1912 25-Feb-1999 Co-Discoverer of Plutonium
William R. Sears
Engineer
1-Mar-1913 12-Oct-2002 Airfoil engineer
Emilio Segrè
Physicist
30-Jan-1905 22-Apr-1989 Co-Discoverer of the antiproton
Nathan Seiberg
Physicist
22-Sep-1956   String theorist at Princeton
Maurice M. Shapiro
Physicist
13-Nov-1915 27-Feb-2008 Composition and origin of cosmic rays
Robert N. Shelton
Educator
1948   President, University of Arizona
William Shockley
Physicist
13-Feb-1910 12-Aug-1989 Co-Inventor of the transistor
Richard E. Smalley
Chemist
6-Jun-1943 28-Oct-2005 Co-Discovered fullerines
George E. Smith
Scientist
10-May-1930   Digital photography
George F. Smoot
Physicist
20-Feb-1945   Big bang
Elmer Sperry
Inventor
12-Oct-1860 10-Jun-1930 Gyroscopic compass
Lyman Spitzer, Jr.
Astronomer
26-Jun-1914 31-Mar-1997 Father of space telescopes
Leo Szilard
Physicist
11-Feb-1898 30-May-1964 Nuclear chain reaction
Richard E. Taylor
Physicist
2-Nov-1929   Verified existence of quarks
Elihu Thomson
Inventor
29-Mar-1853 13-Mar-1937 Electric welding and A/C motors
Samuel C. C. Ting
Physicist
27-Jan-1936   Co-Discoverer of J/psi meson
Charles H. Townes
Physicist
28-Jul-1915   Invention of the maser and laser
Daniel C. Tsui
Physicist
28-Feb-1939   Fractional quantum Hall effect
Neil deGrasse Tyson
Astronomer
5-Oct-1958   Astrophysicist
George Uhlenbeck
Physicist
6-Dec-1900 31-Oct-1988 Conceived idea of Quantum Spin
Harold C. Urey
Chemist
29-Apr-1893 5-Jan-1981 Discovered Deuterium
James Van Allen
Astronomer
7-Sep-1914 9-Aug-2006 Discovered the Van Allen Belt
John H. van Vleck
Physicist
13-Mar-1899 27-Oct-1980 Quantum theory of paramagnetism
Victor Weisskopf
Physicist
19-Sep-1908 21-Apr-2002 Head of CERN, 1961-65
Carl E. Wieman
Physicist
26-Mar-1951   Bose-Einstein Condensates
Eugene Wigner
Physicist
17-Nov-1902 1-Jan-1995 Law of conservation of parity
Frank Wilczek
Physicist
15-May-1951   Deep structure of matter
Jack M. Wilson
Educator
c. 1945   President, University of Massachusetts
Robert Woodrow Wilson
Astronomer
10-Jan-1936   Detected primordial radiation
Edward Witten
Physicist
26-Aug-1951   String theorist at Princeton
Leona Woods
Physicist
9-Aug-1919 10-Nov-1986 Physicist at University of Chicago
Chen Ning Yang
Physicist
1-Oct-1922   Particle physicist
Hideki Yukawa
Physicist
23-Jan-1907 8-Sep-1981 Predicted existence of mesons
Ahmed H. Zewail
Chemist
26-Feb-1946   Femtochemistry
Fritz Zwicky
Astronomer
14-Feb-1898 8-Feb-1974 Astrophysicist at CalTech


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