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Ragnar Granit

Ragnar GranitAKA Ragnar Arthur Granit

Born: 30-Oct-1900
Birthplace: near Helsinki, Finland
Died: 31-Mar-1990
Location of death: Stockholm, Sweden
Cause of death: Natural Causes
Remains: Buried, Hietaniemi Cemetery, Helsinki, Finland

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: Finland
Executive summary: Physiology of the retina

Military service: Finnish military (1917-18)

For his research into the internal electrical impulses that take place as the eye processes vision, Ragnar Granit was awarded the 1967 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology. The honor was shared with Haldan K. Hartline and George Wald. Granit was born in Finland, obtained dual citizenship with Sweden during World War II, and once said that his Nobel Prize "belongs fifty-fifty to Finland and Sweden".

Father: Arthur Wilhelm Granit (forester, b. 1871)
Mother: Albertina Helena Malmberg Granit ("Bertie", b. 1878)
Sister: Greta Granit (b. 1902)
Sister: Ingrid Granit (b. 1905)
Wife: Baroness Marguerite Emma Bruun ("Daisy", b. 1902, dated 1918-29, m. 1929)
Son: Michael Granit (architect, b. 1930)

    High School: Swedish Normallyceum, Helsinki (1919)
    University: Åbo Akademi University (1919)
    University: BS Medicine, University of Helsinki (1924)
    University: BS Philosophy, University of Helsinki (1924)
    Medical School: MD, University of Helsinki (1927)
    Scholar: Oxford University (1927-28)
    Scholar: Physiology, University of Helsinki (1929, 1932-33)
    Scholar: Medical Physics, University of Pennsylvania (1929-31)
    Professor: Physiology, University of Helsinki (1935-40)
    Professor: Physiology, Rockefeller University (1956-66)
    Scholar: Royal Caroline Institute, Stockholm (1940-46)
    Professor: Neurophysiology, Royal Caroline Institute, Stockholm (1946-67)

    American Philosophical Society 1954
    Royal Society 1960
    National Academy of Sciences 1968
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1971
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1967, with Haldan K. Hartline and George Wald
    Naturalized Swedish Citizen 1940
    Finnish Ancestry

Author of books:
Sensory Mechanisms of the Retina (1947)
Charles Scott Sherrington: An Appraisal (1966)
The Purposive Brain (1977)
Hur det Kom Sig: Forskarminnen och Motiveringar (1983)


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