Birthplace: Waltersdorf, Germany (now Niegoslawice, Poland)
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor
Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Protein signaling in cells
As a child, Günter Blobel and his family narrowly escaped the bombing of Dresden, watching the destruction from about forty miles away. As a young adult in communist East Germany, he was prohibited from attending college, due to family's classification as "capitalist class". Crossing the pre-Berlin Wall border, he studied in West Germany and made his career in the United States.
For his research into the inner workings of the cell, showing that the movement and position of proteins in the cell are governed by specific signals, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1999. His work has had great impact on the study of hereditary diseases as cystic fibrosis.
He was one of the founders of Friends of Dresden, a charity that reconstructed the Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady), and is now working to construct a new synagogue in the city he saw ruined as a boy. He donated his Nobel Prize cash stipend, about $960,000, to this cause. His wife, Laura Maioglio, owns Barbetta, an ultra-highbrow Italian eatery, and the oldest family-owned restaurant in New York City, founded in 1906 by her father.
Promotional materials for products made by Mannatech, a multi-level marketing company that sells dietary supplements, have claimed that Blobel's work provides "scientific validation" of glycobiology, a science that deals with sugar molecules. Blobel's research has virtually nothing to do with such topics, and he filed a legal complaint against the company with the New York Attorney General's office in 2006.
Brother: Reiner (b. 1931)
Sister: Ruth (b. 1926, d. 1945 World War II)
Brother: Hans (microbiologist)
Wife: Laura Maioglio (owns Barbetta restaurant)
Medical School: University of Frankfurt
Medical School: University of Kiel
Medical School: University of Munich
Medical School: MD, University of Tübingen (1962)
University: PhD Oncology, University of Wisconsin at Madison (1967)
Scholar: Cellular Biology, Rockefeller University (1966-76)
Professor: Cellular Biology, Rockefeller University (1976-)
Member of the Board of Nestlé
Member of the Board of International Flavors & Fragrances (2000-)
Federation of American Scientists Board of Sponsors
Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator (1986-)
National Academy of Sciences
Pontifical Academy of Sciences
Lasker Award 1993
Nobel Prize for Medicine 1999
Naturalized US Citizen
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