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Wendell M. Stanley

Wendell M. StanleyAKA Wendell Meredith Stanley

Born: 16-Aug-1904
Birthplace: Ridgeville, IN
Died: 15-Jun-1971
Location of death: Salamanca, Spain
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Sunset View Cemetery, El Cerrito, CA

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: First to crystallize a virus

Wendell M. Stanley crystallized and described the molecular structure of the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in 1935, showing that it has properties of both living and non-living matter. TMV was the first virus to be so thoroughly analyzed, beginning a generation of scientists' work describing the molecular structures and propagation of other viruses. In 1943 Stanley isolated the influenza virus and developed an anti-flu vaccine. He won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1946, sharing the honor with John H. Northrop, who was his colleague from the Rockefeller Institute, and with James B. Sumner of Cornell University. He retired in 1969 but remained active in research, and died at a scientific convention in Salamanca, Spain in 1971.

Father: James G. Stanley (newspaper publisher)
Mother: Claire Plessinger Stanley
Wife: Marian Jay Staples (b. 1905, m. 15-Jun-1929, d. 1984, one son, three daughters)
Son: Wendell M. Stanley, Jr.
Daughter: Marjorie Jean
Daughter: Dorothy Claire
Daughter: Janet Elizabeth

    University: Richmond High School, Richmond, IN (1922)
    University: BS Organic Chemistry, Earlham College (1926)
    University: MS Chemistry, University of Illinois (1927)
    Scholar: PhD Chemistry, University of Illinois (1929)
    Scholar: University of Munich (1929-31)
    Scholar: Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (1932-48)
    Professor: Biochemistry, University of California at Berkeley (1948-58)
    Professor: Virology, University of California at Berkeley (1958-69)
    Administrator: Virus Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley (1948-69)

    American Association for the Advancement of Science Prize 1937
    Isaac Adler Prize 1938
    John Scott Medal 1938
    Nichols Medal 1946
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1946 (with James B. Sumner and John H. Northrop)
    Willard Gibbs Medal 1947
    Benjamin Franklin Medal 1948 (by the Franklin Institute)
    Presidential Certificate of Merit 1948
    Modern Medicine Award 1958
    Order of the Rising Sun 1966 (Second Class)
    American Cancer Society Director-at-Large
    American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
    American Philosophical Society
    French Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    National Cancer Institute Board of Scientific Counsellors
    National Research Council
    US Health & Human Services Department Public Health Service; National Advisory Cancer Council
    National Institutes of Health
    World Health Organization Expert Advisory Panel on Virus Diseases

Author of books:
Viruses and the Nature of Life (1961, non-fiction; with Evans G. Valens)


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