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EVENT

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Scipio Africanus
Military
236 BC 183 BC Defeated Hannibal
Cornelius Agrippa
Magician
14-Sep-1486 18-Feb-1535 Three Books of Occult Philosophy
Emilio Aguinaldo
Head of State
22-Mar-1869 6-Feb-1964 1st President of the Philippines
Jorge Amado
Novelist
10-Aug-1912 6-Aug-2001 Dona Flor and her Two Husbands
Anaxagoras
Philosopher
c. 500 BC c. 428 BC Matter composed of infinite elements
Herod Antipas
Royalty
20 BC 39 AD Put John the Baptist to death
Jacobo Arbenz
Head of State
14-Sep-1913 27-Jan-1971 President of Guatemala, 1951-54
Jean-Bertrand Aristide
Head of State
15-Jul-1953   Twice overthrown president of Haiti
Arius
Religion
256 AD 336 AD Founder of the Christian doctrine of Arianism
Miguel Ángel Asturias
Author
19-Oct-1899 9-Jun-1974 Guatemalan protest writer
St. Athanasius
Religion
298 AD 2-May-373 AD Patriarch of Alexandria, 328-373 AD
Bahá'u'lláh
Religion
12-Nov-1817 29-May-1892 Founder of Baha'i
Mikhail Bakunin
Anarchist
30-May-1814 1-Jul-1876 Pioneer of the Anarchist movement
Abolhassan Bani-Sadr
Head of State
22-Mar-1933   First President of Iran, 1980-81
Ahmed Ben Bella
Head of State
25-Dec-1918 11-Apr-2012 President of Algeria, 1963-65
Pope Benedict IX
Religion
? 1056 Roman Catholic Pope, 1033-48
Ingmar Bergman
Film Director
14-Jul-1918 30-Jul-2007 Scenes from a Marriage
John Biddle
Religion
1615 22-Sep-1662 Father of English Unitarianism
Ronnie Biggs
Criminal
8-Aug-1929   UK Great Train Robber
Boethius
Philosopher
c. 470 AD 524 AD Consolation of Philosophy
Simón Bolívar
Military
24-Jul-1783 17-Dec-1830 El Libertador
Napoleon Bonaparte
Head of State
15-Aug-1769 5-May-1821 Emperor of France
Yelena Bonner
Activist
15-Feb-1923 18-Jun-2011 Activist-wife of Andrei Sakharov
Cesare Borgia
Religion
Sep-1476 12-Mar-1507 Cardinal of Valencia
François Bozizé
Government
14-Oct-1946   President, Central African Republic
Bertolt Brecht
Playwright
10-Feb-1898 14-Aug-1956 Mother Courage and Her Children
William Lee Brent
Criminal
10-Nov-1930 4-Nov-2006 Black Panther hijacker
Joseph Brodsky
Poet
24-May-1940 28-Jan-1996 "Social parasite" turned Poet Laureate
Ferdinand Buisson
Activist
20-Dec-1841 16-Feb-1932 French pacifist, Nobel Prize recipient
Nikolai Bukharin
Economist
9-Oct-1888 15-Mar-1938 Soviet theoretical economist
Sebastian Cabot
Explorer
1476 1557 16th century Italian/English explorer
Robert Capa
Photographer
22-Oct-1913 25-May-1954 War photographer
Giacomo Casanova
Author
2-Apr-1725 4-Jun-1798 World-renowned paramour
Augustin-Louis Cauchy
Mathematician
21-Aug-1789 23-May-1857 Infinitesimals, theory of substitution groups
Cetshwayo
Royalty
c. 1826 8-Feb-1884 Zulu king
Chandragupta
Royalty
c. 321 BC c. 298 BC Indian emperor, established Mauryan dynasty
Charles X
Royalty
9-Oct-1757 6-Nov-1836 King of France, 1824-30
François-René de Chateaubriand
Author
4-Sep-1768 4-Jul-1848 Génie du christianisme
St. John Chrysostom
Religion
c. 345 AD 14-Sep-407 AD Church Father, Archbishop of Constantinople
Cicero
Author
Jan-106 BC 7-Dec-43 BC Roman orator and rhetorician
Lord Clarendon
Government
18-Feb-1609 9-Dec-1674 The Clarendon Code
Eldridge Cleaver
Activist
31-Aug-1935 1-May-1998 Black Panther turned Republican
Francesco Colonna
Author
1433 2-Oct-1527 Hypnerotomachia Poliphili
Constantine I
Royalty
2-Aug-1868 11-Jan-1923 King of Greece, 1913-17 and 1920-22
Constantine II
Royalty
2-Jun-1940   King of Greece, 1964-73
Gustave Courbet
Painter
10-Jun-1819 31-Dec-1877 French Realist painter
Kim Dae-Jung
Head of State
3-Dec-1925 18-Aug-2009 South Korean President, 1998-2003
Dante
Poet
1265 14-Sep-1321 La Divina Commedia
Bei Dao
Poet
2-Aug-1949   Exiled Chinese poet of the Misty School
Jacques-Louis David
Painter
30-Aug-1748 29-Dec-1825 French Neoclassical painter
Marquis de Sade
Author
2-Jun-1740 2-Dec-1814 120 Days of Sodom
Porfirio Díaz
Head of State
15-Sep-1830 2-Jul-1915 Twice President of Mexico
Diogenes
Philosopher
412 BC 323 BC Cynic
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Novelist
30-Oct-1821 28-Jan-1881 Crime and Punishment
José Napoleón Duarte
Head of State
23-Nov-1925 23-Feb-1990 President of El Salvador, 1984-89
Henry Dunant
Activist
8-May-1828 30-Oct-1910 Red Cross founder
Jean-Claude Duvalier
Head of State
3-Jul-1951   "Baby Doc" Haitian dictator
Felix Dzerzhinsky
Government
11-Sep-1877 20-Jul-1926 The Black Pope of Bolshevism
King Edward II
Royalty
25-Apr-1284 11-Oct-1327 King of England, 1307-27
Edward the Confessor
Royalty
c. 1004 4-Jan-1066 King of England, 1042-66
Epictetus
Philosopher
c. 55 AD c. 135 AD Stoic, wrote Encheiridion
Faisal I
Royalty
20-May-1883 8-Sep-1933 King of Iraq, 1921-33
Pope Formosus
Religion
c. 816 AD 4-Apr-896 AD Roman Catholic Pope, 891-896
King Frederick I
Royalty
c. 1122 10-Jun-1190 King of Germany, Barbarossa
George II
Royalty
20-Jul-1890 1-Apr-1947 King of Greece, 1922-24 and 1935-47
Vincenzo Gioberti
Philosopher
5-Apr-1801 26-Nov-1852 Rinnovamenlo civile d'Italia
Pope Gregory VII
Religion
c. 1020 25-May-1085 Lost power struggle with Henry IV
Hafez
Poet
1326 1389 Prominent Persian poet
Hannibal
Military
247 BC 182 BC Attacked Rome with war elephants
Big Bill Haywood
Labor Leader
4-Feb-1869 18-May-1928 Industrial Workers of the World
King Henry IV
Royalty
3-Apr-1367 20-Mar-1413 King of England, 1399-1413
King Henry VI
Royalty
6-Dec-1421 21-May-1471 King of England, 1422-61
José María de Heredia
Poet
22-Nov-1842 2-Oct-1905 Les Trophées
Herodotus
Historian
c. 484 BC c, 425 BC The Histories
Hippolytus
Religion
c. 170 AD 235 AD Writer of the early church
Andreas Hofer
Military
22-Nov-1767 20-Feb-1810 Tirolese patriot, insurgent
Li Hongzhi
Religion
13-May-1951   Founder of Falun Gong
José Ramos Horta
Politician
26-Dec-1949   President of East Timor, Nobel laureate
Guillermo Cabrera Infante
Novelist
22-Apr-1929 21-Feb-2005 Tres Tristes Tigres
King James II
Royalty
14-Oct-1633 16-Sep-1701 King of England, 1685-88
Juan Ramón Jiménez
Poet
24-Dec-1881 29-May-1958 Pastorales
King John Lackland
Royalty
24-Dec-1166 18-Oct-1216 Signed the Magna Carta, then reneged
Jack Johnson
Boxing
31-Mar-1878 10-Jun-1946 First black heavyweight champion
Jomo Kenyatta
Head of State
20-Oct-1892 22-Aug-1978 President of Kenya, 1964-78
Ayatollah Khomeini
Religion
24-Sep-1902 3-Jun-1989 Leader of Islamic Republic of Iran
G. P. Koirala
Head of State
20-Feb-1925 20-Mar-2010 Four-Time Prime Minister of Nepal
Nikolai Krylenko
Government
2-May-1885 29-Jul-1938 Soviet prosecutor executed during the Great Purge
Ricardo Lagos
Head of State
2-Mar-1938   President of Chile, 2000-06
Henry of Lausanne
Religion
fl. 12th c. fl. 12th c. 12th century French heretic
Pope Leo X
Religion
11-Dec-1475 1-Dec-1521 Excommunicated Martin Luther
Leopold III
Royalty
3-Nov-1901 25-Sep-1983 Abdicated King of Belgium
Mikhail Lermontov
Poet
15-Oct-1814 27-Jul-1841 A Hero of Our Time
Louis XVIII
Royalty
17-Nov-1755 16-Sep-1824 King of France, 1814-15 & 1815-24
Louis-Philippe
Royalty
6-Oct-1773 26-Aug-1850 King of France, 1830-48
Jan Lukasiewicz
Mathematician
21-Dec-1878 13-Feb-1956 Invented Reverse Polish Notation
Martin Luther
Religion
10-Nov-1483 18-Feb-1546 Created Protestant movement
Niccolò Machiavelli
Author
3-May-1469 22-Jun-1527 The Prince
Ferdinand Marcos
Head of State
11-Sep-1917 28-Sep-1989 Disgraced Philippine dictator
Imelda Marcos
First Lady
2-Jul-1929   Former First Lady of the Philippines
Margaret of Parma
Royalty
28-Dec-1522 18-Jan-1586 Regent of the Netherlands, 1559-67
José Martí
Activist
28-Jan-1853 19-May-1895 Cuban hero
Typhoid Mary
Chef
22-Sep-1869 11-Nov-1938 Notorious typhoid carrier
Maurice, comte de Saxe
Military
28-Oct-1696 30-Nov-1750 Marshal Saxe
Giuseppe Mazzini
Activist
22-Jun-1805 10-Mar-1872 Italian patriot, agitator
Cosimo de Medici
Government
27-Sep-1389 1-Aug-1464 Uncrowned king of Florence
Marie de Medici
Royalty
26-Apr-1573 3-Jul-1642 Regent of France, 1610-17
Andrew Melville
Religion
1-Aug-1545 1622 Scottish Reform Church
Rigoberta Menchú Tum
Activist
9-Jan-1959   Political activist, Nobel Prize recipient
Ana Mendieta
Performance Artist
18-Nov-1948 8-Sep-1985 Feminist performance artist
Carlos Menem
Head of State
2-Jul-1930   President of Argentina, 1989-99
Robert Mugabe
Head of State
21-Feb-1924   President of Zimbabwe
Thomas Münzer
Religion
c. 1490 27-May-1525 German Protestant religious fanatic
Yoweri Museveni
Head of State
15-Aug-1944   President of Uganda
Nikon
Religion
7-May-1605 17-Aug-1681 Reformer Patriarch of Moscow
Kwame Nkrumah
Head of State
21-Sep-1909 27-Apr-1972 First President of Ghana
John Humphrey Noyes
Religion
3-Sep-1811 13-Apr-1886 Oneida Community founder
Bernardo O'Higgins
Head of State
20-Aug-1778 24-Oct-1842 Supreme Director of Chile, 1817-23
Milton Obote
Head of State
28-Dec-1924 10-Oct-2005 Two-time President of Uganda
Abdullah Ocalan
Politician
4-Apr-1948   Leader of the PKK
Ovid
Poet
20-Mar-43 BC 17 AD Metamorphoses
Sir Anthony Panizzi
Curator
16-Sep-1797 8-Apr-1879 Librarian of the British Museum
Andreas Papandreou
Head of State
5-Feb-1919 23-Jun-1996 Twice Prime Minister of Greece
Enver Pasha
Government
22-Nov-1881 4-Aug-1922 Young Turk leader, persecuted ethnic minorities
Paul
Royalty
14-Dec-1901 6-Mar-1964 King of Greece, 1947-64
Pedro II
Royalty
2-Dec-1825 5-Dec-1891 Emperor of Brazil, 1831-89
Isabel Peron
Head of State
4-Feb-1931   Dancer, President of Argentina, 1974-76
Juan Peron
Head of State
8-Oct-1895 1-Jul-1974 Twice President of Argentina
St. John Philby
Government
3-Apr-1885 30-Sep-1960 Sheikh Abdullah, Arabist
Wilhelm Pieck
Head of State
3-Jan-1876 7-Sep-1960 President of East Germany, 1949-60
Józef Pilsudski
Military
5-Dec-1867 12-May-1935 Military dictator of Poland, 1926-35
Casimir Pulaski
Military
7-Mar-1745 11-Oct-1779 Polish General in the American Revolution
Aleksandr Pushkin
Poet
26-May-1799 10-Feb-1837 Russia's greatest poet
Ludwig Quidde
Activist
23-Mar-1858 4-Mar-1941 German pacifist, Nobel Prize recipient
Thomas Caute Reynolds
Politician
11-Oct-1821 30-Mar-1887 Missouri governor, committed suicide
Cardinal Richelieu
Religion
9-Sep-1585 4-Dec-1642 King of France's chief advisor, 1624-42
François de la Rochefoucauld
Author
15-Sep-1613 16-Mar-1680 Maxims
Raul Romero
Business
1953   S&B Infrastructure
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Philosopher
28-Jun-1712 2-Jul-1778 Conceptualized the Social Contract
Andrei Sakharov
Physicist
21-May-1921 14-Dec-1989 Developed the Soviet hydrogen bomb
Antonio López de Santa Anna
Military
21-Feb-1794 21-Jun-1876 Hero of Tampico
Sappho
Poet
fl. c. 610 BC fl. c. 580 BC The Tenth Muse
Kaspar Schwenkfeld
Religion
1489 10-Dec-1561 Vergötterung
Kurt Schwitters
Artist
20-Jun-1887 8-Jan-1948 Collagist, Merz
Mobutu Sese Seko
Head of State
14-Oct-1930 7-Sep-1997 Dictator, bled Zaire dry
Haile Selassie
Royalty
23-Jul-1892 27-Aug-1975 Last Emperor of Ethiopia
Seneca
Author
c. 4 BC 65 AD Epistulae Morales
Shah of Iran
Royalty
26-Oct-1919 27-Jul-1980 Last Shah of Iran
Mohammed Zahir Shah
Royalty
16-Oct-1914 23-Jul-2007 King of Afghanistan, 1933-73
Yitzhak Shamir
Head of State
15-Oct-1915 30-Jun-2012 Twice Israeli Prime Minister
Nawaz Sharif
Head of State
25-Dec-1949   Twice Prime Minister of Pakistan
Norodom Sihanouk
Royalty
31-Oct-1922 15-Oct-2012 King of Cambodia
Josef Stalin
Head of State
18-Dec-1878 5-Mar-1953 Brutal dictator, Soviet Union
Alfredo Stroessner
Head of State
3-Nov-1912 16-Aug-2006 Dictator of Paraguay, 1954-89
Eugène Sue
Novelist
26-Jan-1804 3-Aug-1857 Roman-feuilleton novelist
Sulla
Military
138 BC 78 BC Roman General, dictator
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand
Diplomat
2-Feb-1754 17-May-1838 Preeminent French diplomat
Oliver Tambo
Government
27-Oct-1917 24-Apr-1993 ANC President, 1969-91
Charles Taylor
Head of State
28-Jan-1948   Former Liberian president, war criminal
Themistocles
Military
c. 523 BC c. 458 BC Athenian general
Leon Trotsky
Activist
26-Oct-1879 21-Aug-1940 Bolshevik exile, murdered by Stalin
William Tyndale
Religion
1492 6-Oct-1536 Bible translator, burnt at the stake
Miguel de Unamuno
Philosopher
29-Sep-1864 31-Dec-1936 El Cristo de Velázquez
Pope Urban II
Religion
c. 1035 29-Jul-1099 Roman Catholic Pope, 1088-99
Voltaire
Author
21-Nov-1694 30-May-1778 Candide
Werner von Blomberg
Military
2-Sep-1878 22-Mar-1946 Nazi general, married a whore
Klemens Wenzel von Metternich
Diplomat
15-May-1773 11-Jun-1859 Influential Austrian ambassador
Wilfrid Voynich
Activist
31-Oct-1865 19-Mar-1930 Voynich manuscript
William Walker
Military
8-May-1824 12-Sep-1860 American "filibuster"
Edmund Waller
Poet
3-Mar-1606 21-Oct-1687 Go, Lovely Rose
Adam Weishaupt
Activist
6-Feb-1748 18-Nov-1811 Founder of the Bavarian Illuminati
Louis T. Wigfall
Politician
21-Apr-1816 18-Feb-1874 US Senator from Texas, 1859-61
Kaiser Wilhelm
Head of State
27-Jan-1859 4-Jun-1941 Last of the German emperors
John Wilmot
Poet
1-Apr-1647 26-Jul-1680 Sodom, or the Quintessence of Debauchery
Xenophanes
Poet
c. 560 BC c. 478 BC Pre-Socratic, early monotheist
Sun Yat-sen
Head of State
12-Nov-1866 12-Mar-1925 President of China, 1911-12
Manuel Zelaya
Head of State
20-Sep-1952   President of Honduras, 2006-09
Grigory Zinoviev
Government
23-Sep-1883 25-Aug-1936 Old Bolshevik executed during the Great Purge
King Zog
Royalty
8-Oct-1895 9-Apr-1961 King of Albania


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