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Gerry Neugebauer

Born: 3-Sep-1932
Birthplace: Göttingen, Germany

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Astronomer, Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Infrared astronomy

Military service: US Army (to Lieutenant)

Astrophysicist Gerry Neugebauer headed a small group of Caltech scientists who were at the forefront of early infrared studies of the planets. Informally called the "infrarednecks", Neugebauer and his colleagues designed and built new instruments and observational facilities, and discovered hundreds of new infrared sources in the sky. Neugebauer provided the first infrared study of the center of our galaxy, completed a renowned two-micron sky survey with Robert B. Leighton, and oversaw the NASA, British, and Dutch Infrared Astronomy Satellite (IRAS) project, a space-based observatory that surveyed the entire sky at infrared wavelengths. Neugebauer's first name is pronounced 'Gary', not 'Jerry'. His wife, geophysicist Marcia Neugebauer, has conducted important solar wind research at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Father: Otto Neugebauer (astronomer)
Wife: Marcia Neugebauer (space scientist)

    University: BA, Cornell University (1954)
    University: PhD Physics, California Institute of Technology (1960)
    Teacher: Physics, California Institute of Technology (1962-70)
    Professor: Physics, California Institute of Technology (1970-98)
    Administrator: Director of Palomar Observatory, California Institute of Technology (1980-94)

    Rumford Prize 1986
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Philosophical Society
    National Academy of Sciences
    Royal Astronomical Society
    Naturalized US Citizen
    Austrian Ancestry
    German Ancestry


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