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Ilya Mechnikov

AKA Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov

Born: 16-May-1845
Birthplace: Ivanovka, Ukraine
Died: 16-Jul-1916
Location of death: Paris, France
Cause of death: Heart Failure

Gender: Male
Religion: Atheist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: Russia
Executive summary: Researched the immune system

Ilya Mechnikov was a Russian microbiologist who researched the immune system, and discovered phagocytes (cells which devour infective organisms). He shared the 1908 Nobel Prize for Medicine with Paul Ehrlich. Mechnikov also researched syphilis, and developed a theory that drinking sour milk could extend life. He taught for more than a decade at Odessa University, which has since been renamed in his honor, I.I. Mechnikov Odessa National University.

Father: Ilya Mechnikov (Imperial Guard)
Mother: Emilia Nevahovna
Wife: Ludmilla Federovna (m. 1868, d. 20-Apr-1873 tuberculosis)
Wife: Olga Belokopytova (b. 1860, m. 1875, d. 1944 typhoid)

    University: Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
    University: University of Giessen, Germany
    University: University of Göttingen, Germany
    University: PhD, Munich Academy, Germany
    Teacher: Odessa University, Russia (1867-68)
    Teacher: University of St. Petersburg, Russia (1868-70)
    Professor: Zoology and Comparative Anatomy, Odessa University (1870-82)
    Administrator: Bacteriological Institute, Odessa (1886-87)
    Scholar: Pasteur Institute, Paris (1888-1916)

    Royal Society
    Suicide Attempt 1873
    Drug Overdose opium (1873)
    Suicide Attempt 1880
    Heart Attack 1913
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1908 (shared with Paul Ehrlich)
    Copley Medal 1906
    Russian Ancestry
    Jewish Ancestry Maternal
    Risk Factors: Depression

Author of books:
The Comparative Pathology of Inflammation (1892, research)
Immunity in Infectious Diseases (1901, research)
The Nature of Man (1903, non-fiction)


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