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Aaron Klug

Aaron KlugBorn: 11-Aug-1926
Birthplace: Zelvas, Lithuania

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Structural analysis of viruses

English chemist Aaron Klug studied helical viruses to reveal how protein units are formed, investigated the polio virus with J. D. Bernal, and researched the structure and action of transfer DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). He developed crystallographic electron microscopy, a technique using laser light to gain improved results through electron microscopy. The underlying principle of this method of three-dimensional image reconstruction from two-dimensional imagery formed the basis of computed tomography (CT) scanning, among other practical applications. In 1974 his was the first group to obtain crystals of a transfer RNA, and determine its structure. He won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1982.

Father: Lazar Klug (cattleman)
Mother: Bella Silin Klug
Wife: Liebe Bobrow (two sons)
Son: Adam (economist, b. 1954)
Son: David (chemist, b. 1963)

    High School: Durban High School, Durban, South Africa (1941)
    University: BS, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (1945)
    University: MS Crystallography, University of Cape Town (1947)
    Scholar: X-ray analysis, University of Cape Town (1947-49)
    University: PhD, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge University (1953)
    Fellow: Physics, Birkbeck College, University of London (1953-58)
    Administrator: Virus Structure Research Group, University of London (1958-62)
    Professor: Peterhouse College, Cambridge University (1962-96)
    Administrator: Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge University (1986-96)
    Administrator: Scripps Research Institute (Board of Governors)

    Heineken Prize for Medicine 1973
    Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize 1981
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1982
    Copley Medal 1985
    Knight of the British Empire 1988
    Order of Merit 1995
    South African Order of Mapungubwe 2005 (Gold)
    Member of the Board of GeneProt (2000-)
    French Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science Foreign Member
    National Academy of Sciences Foreign Associate
    Royal Society President, 1995-2000
    Jewish Ancestry
    Lithuanian Ancestry


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