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Henri Cartan

AKA Henri Paul Cartan

Born: 8-Jul-1904
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: 13-Aug-2008
Location of death: Paris, France
Cause of death: Natural Causes

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Mathematician

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Leader of the math Bourbakistes

Henri Cartan is known for his work in homological algebra (the application of algebraic technique to topological spaces), analytic functions of complex variables, and the theory of sheaves. He was a founder of the "Nicolas Bourbaki" group, a collective of French mathematicians who revitalized the study of math in France after World War II left most of that nation's top mathematicians dead. His father was the famed mathematician Élie Cartan.

Father: Élie Cartan (mathematician, b. 1869, d. 1951)
Mother: Marie-Louise Bianconi (m. 1903)
Brother: Jean Cartan (composer, b. 1906, d. 1931)
Brother: Louis Cartan (French Resistance, d. 1943 World War II)
Wife: Nicole Antoinette Weiss (m. 14-Sep-1935, two sons, three daughters)
Son: Jean Cartan
Daughter: Françoise Cartan Adam
Son: Étienne Cartan
Daughter: Mireille Cartan
Daughter: Suzanne Cartan

    High School: Lycée Buffon, Paris, France (attended)
    High School: Lycée Hoche, Versailles, France (1914)
    University: BA Mathematics, Sorbonne
    University: DSc Mathematics, École Normale Supérieure (1928)
    Teacher: Mathematics, Lycée Malherbe, Caen, France (1926-29)
    Teacher: Mathematics, University of Lille (1929-31)
    Teacher: Mathematics, University of Strasbourg (1931-40)
    Professor: Mathematics, École Normale Supérieure (1940-69)
    Professor: Mathematics, Paris-Sud University, Orsay, France (1970-75)

    Wolf Prize in Mathematics 1980 (with Andrei Kolmogorov)
    French Legion of Honor 1989
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences Foreign Member
    American Mathematical Society Foreign Member
    French Academy of Sciences
    German Mathematical Society Honorary Member
    London Mathematical Society Honorary Member
    National Academy of Sciences
    Royal Academy of Belgium Foreign Member
    Royal Danish Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Royal Society
    French Ancestry

Author of books:
Homological Algebra (1956, with Samuel Eilenberg)
Elementary Theory of Analytic Functions of One or Several Complex Variables (1963)
Differential Forms (1967)
Differential Calculus (1967)


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