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Carl Cori

Carl CoriAKA Carl Ferdinand Cori

Born: 5-Dec-1896
Birthplace: Prague, Austria-Hungary
Died: 20-Oct-1984
Location of death: Cambridge, MA
Cause of death: Natural Causes
Remains: Buried, Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, MA

Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Catalytic conversion of glycogen

Military service: Austria-Hungarian Army (Sanitary Corps, 1917-19)

Carl Cori's first work published in a peer-reviewed journal was a study on ants, written when he was 17. His father was a professor of zoology, his grandfather was a professor of physics, and Cori studied under Otto Loewi. He spoke seven languages -- English, Italian, French, German, Latin, Greek, Spanish, plus a workable fluency in Czech.

Cori spent most of his career in collaboration with his wife, Gerty Cori. They met and married in medical school, and in their most famous work they isolated phosphorylase, the enzyme that begins the conversion of glucose into glycogen, or animal starch into sugar, in the human body. For this work, key to understanding the body's food storage system, they became the first husband-wife team to win the Nobel Prize. The honor, bestowed in 1947, was shared with Argentine physiologist Bernardo Houssay.

Father: Carl Isidor Cori (zoology professor, b. 1865, d. 1954)
Mother: Martha Lippich
Wife: Gerty Theresa Radnitz Cori (b. 1896, dated 1914-20, m. 1920, d. 1967)
Son: Carl Thomas Cori (CEO of Sigma-Aldrich)
Wife: Anne Fitz-Gerald Jones (m. 23-Mar-1960)

    High School: Trieste Gymnasium, Trieste, Italy (1914)
    Medical School: MD, Carl Ferdinand University (1920)
    Scholar: University of Vienna (1920-21)
    Teacher: Pharmacology, University of Graz (1921-22)
    Scholar: Biochemistry, Roswell Park Cancer Institute (1922-31)
    Teacher: Endocrinology, University of Buffalo Medical School (1925-27)
    Professor: Pharmacology, Washington University in St. Louis (1931-42)
    Professor: Biochemistry, Washington University in St. Louis (1942-66)
    Professor: Biochemistry, Harvard Medical School (1967-72)

    Lasker Award 1946
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1947, with Gerty Cori and Bernardo Houssay
    St. Louis Walk of Fame
    Massachusetts General Hospital (1966-76)
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    American Chemical Society
    American Philosophical Society
    American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
    National Academy of Sciences
    Royal Society
    Naturalized US Citizen 1929
    Austrian Ancestry
    German Ancestry


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