Samuel Eilenberg Born: 30Sep1913 Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland Died: 30Jan1998 Location of death: New York City Cause of death: Illness
Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Mathematician, Curator Nationality: United States Executive summary: Category theory Samuel Eilenberg was one of the 20th century's most renowned experts on algebraic topology (the use of algebraic techniques to study shape), and developed a new field of mathematics called homological algebra. With Norman E. Steenrod he explained the EilenbergSteenrod axioms for a generalized homology theory, and with Saunders Mac Lane he explained their theory of transformations between mathematical categories. Universally called Sammy, his work in mathematics influenced the development of theoretical computer science. He was also a noted expert on Asian art and debunker of artistic fakery, and left his collection, valued at several million dollars, to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Wife: Natasha Shterenzon Eilenberg (art historian, m. 1960, div. 1969)
University: MA, Warsaw University (1934) University: PhD, Warsaw University (1936) Scholar: Princeton University Teacher: University of Michigan (194045) Teacher: Princeton University (194546) Professor: Indiana University (194647) Professor: Columbia University (194782) Professor: École Normale Supérieure (195051)
Fulbright Guggenheim Fellowship AMS Steele Prize 1987
American Academy of Arts and Sciences American Mathematical Society National Academy of Sciences Museum of Modern Art Benefactor Stroke 1996 Coma Jun1997 (until his death) Naturalized US Citizen 1948 Jewish Ancestry
Polish Ancestry
Russian Ancestry
Author of books:
Foundations of Algebraic Topology (1952, with Norman E. Steenrod) Homological Algebra (1956, with Henri Cartan) Algebraic Topology: Lectures of Samuel Eilenberg (1965) Automata, Languages, and Machines (1974, two volumes)
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